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[初三] 英语竞赛决赛题解析

[日期:2007-05-11]   [字体: ]

2002年全国中学生英语能力竞赛决赛“动词填空”试题解析

A)用所给动词的正确形式填空。

Matt Groening is the man who invented the world's most popular cartoon.People in almost 100countries(76) _______(watch)The Simpsons every week.Groening was born in Portland, Oregon in 1954.When he was twenty-six he(77) _______(start)drawing cartoons for The Los Angeles Reader,a weekly newspaper.In 1986 Matt invented the Simpson family for the popular Tracey Ullman Show.He gave them the names of his family:Matt's father's name is Homer,his mother is Margaret,and he(78) _______(have)two sisters,Lisa and Maggie.

Groening and his artists,musicians and actors(79) _______(make)twelve series of programmes up to now.People of all ages,from seven to seventy all(80) _______(love)it!

短文动词填空,既要参看空词的句子的时间状语、上下文的联系,也要注意短文的整体时态。76小题,前面的句子是一般现在时态,本句有“every week”,说的是日常情况,主语“People”是复数,应填“watch”;77小题,上下文都是讲过去的事情,本句时间状语从句也是一般过去时态,所以这里该填“started”; 78小题,主语是“he”,前面的句子都是一般现在时态,这里也应用一般现在时态,填“has”; 79小题,后面有明确的时间状语“up to now”,理应用现在完成时态,所以填“have made”; 80小题,承接前句,讲目前实际情况,所以应该用一般现在时态,填“love”。

B)从斜体词中选用动词并用其适当的形式填入文中空白处。

answer,ask,call,do,explain,move,take,tell,wait,work

My boyfriend took time off from work one week to move to a new house.It was a lot of hard work.

I was feeling a little under the weather the next day from working so hard.I wanted to give my boyfriend a call and(81) _______ him that we should call off our plans for the evening.

When I called the number,a woman(82) _______ the phone.“Hello,she said.I had not counted on a woman answering Mike's phone.I was a little surprised.

I asked,“Is Mike there?The woman said,“He(83) _______some washing right now.” Then I asked,“Can you tell him to call his girl-friend?”I hung up the phone without waiting for the woman's answer.

Thirty minutes later,Mike had not called me back.I went on(84) _______for an hour before I called Mike again.A man answered the phone.“Hello,he said.The voice was strange. Suddenly I knew that I had the wrong phone number.I said,“You're not Mike!

The man said,“And you're not my girl-friend.I(85) _______that to my wife for over an hour.

本题只有5个空,但提供的单词有10个,而且都是原形动词。这就要认真推敲、比较、选择,还要考虑动词形式,以确保用词准确。81小题,根据句意所空单词应该是与“说话”有关,“that”从句是说话的内容。推敲几个有关单词(answer,ask,call,tell),只有“tell”合适;82小题,依据本句的语境,10个词中与“the phone”合理搭配的只有“answer”,但要用过去式形式“answered”;83小题,首先考虑与“some washing”的搭配,习惯用“do”,但根据语境和时间状语“right now”,应该 用现在进行时态“is doing”;84小题,根据句意,应该用“wait”,正好空后是“for”,wait for(等待);前面是“went on”,理应填“waiting”; 85小题,依据句意,应选用“explain”,另根据后面的时间状语“for over an hour”,应该用现在完成时态(have explained),或现在完成进行时态(have been explaining)。

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