●首页 加入收藏 网站地图 热点专题 网站搜索 [RSS订阅] [WAP访问]  
语言选择:
英语联盟 | www.enun.cn
英语学习 | 英语阅读 | 英语写作 | 英语听力 | 英语语法 | 综合口语 | 考试大全 | 英语四六 | 英语课堂 | 广播英语 | 行业英语 | 出国留学
品牌英语 | 实用英语 | 英文歌曲 | 影视英语 | 幽默笑话 | 英语游戏 | 儿童英语 | 英语翻译 | 英语讲演 | 求职简历 | 奥运英语 | 英文祝福
背景:#EDF0F5 #FAFBE6 #FFF2E2 #FDE6E0 #F3FFE1 #DAFAF3 #EAEAEF 默认  
阅读内容

[初一] 题型探秘-笔试部分(八)

[日期:2007-04-26]   [字体: ]

 

句型转换

“句型转换”题是考查学生对句子结构的构成、变化、运用等方面的知识。此题为非选择性试题,常见的主要有:肯定句变否定句;陈述句变疑问句;对一般疑问句作肯定、否定回答;单数句变复数句;同义句型转换;对划线部分提问等。

各种句型转换举要如下:

1.肯定句变否定句

肯定句变否定句一般由否定词not来否定句中谓语。初一竞赛范围涉及be动词(is,am,are),情态动词can,部分实义动词(不包括第三人称单数)等。

(1)凡是含有be(is,am,are),can的句子,变否定句时,一律在is, am,are,can后加not,即:am not,is not,are not,cannot(cannot一般不分开写)。除am not不可以用缩写式外,其它均可用缩写式,即:isn't, aren't,can't。如:

This is a car.→This is not(isn't)a car.

Those are birds.→Those are not(aren't)birds.

I am a student.→I am not a student.

We are Young Pioneers.→We are not(aren't)Young Pioneers.

She is my friend.→She is not(isn't)my friend.

There is a clock on the table.→There is not(isn't)a clock on the table.

I can see the boat on the river.→I can't see the boat on the river.

(2)祈使句的否定式一般是在祈使句前加don't。如:

Do it like that!→Don't do it like that!

Put on that coat.→Don't put on that coat.

(3)实义动词(不含第三人称单数)的否定式,是在实义动词前加don't构成。如:

I know it.→I don't know it.

I think so.→I don't think so.

I want to put it on.→I don't want to put it on.

2.陈述句变一般疑问句

陈述句变一般疑问句时,凡含有is,am,are,can的句子,将这些词前移至句首(第一个字母大写),句尾的“.”改为“?”即可。如:

Her skirt is red.→Is her skirt red?

I am in this classroom.→Am I in this classroom?

They are in Class One.→Are they in Class One?

These are football socks.→Are these football socks?

She can swim.→Can she swim ?

There are some flowers behind the house.→Are there any flowers behind the house?

注意:some一般用于肯定句,any用于否定句和疑问句。含实义动词(不含第三人称单数)的句子变一般疑问句时,是在句首加do。如:

I want a go.→Do you want a go?

I have a sharpener.→Do you have a sharpener?

3.就一般疑问句回答问题

对一般疑问句的回答,肯定回答用yes,否定回答用no。yes后接“主语+is(am,are,can,do)”;no后接“主语+isn't(am not,aren't, can't,don't)”。在答语中,原名词主语改为代词he,she,they等;指示代词主语this,that改为it;these,those改为they。如:

—Are you a teacher?—Yes,I am.(No,I am not.)

—Is M ary in our class?—Yes,she is.(No,she isn't.)

—Are these books yours?—Yes,they are.(No,they aren't.)

—Is there a man under the tree?—Yes,there is.(No,there isn't.)

—Can you look after my sister?—Yes,I can.(No,Ican't.)

4.单数句变复数句

单数句变复数句涉及名词和动词的人称和数,人称代词、物主代词、指示代词的人称和数的问题。单数句变为复数句时,上述各类词都要做相应变化,其它词类不变。如:

This is my pencil-box.→These are our pencil-boxes.

That book is mine.→Those books are ours.

He is her teacher.→They are their teachers.

5.同义句型转换

同义句型转换,是指用不同的词汇、短语及句型表示相同或相近的意思。它们可以是同义的词汇、短语,也可以是同义的句型。此类转换题主要有以下几种情况:

(1)用同义词、近义词替换原句中的某一部分,保持原意不变。如:

Let me look at the picture.→Let me have a look at the picture.

Those are our glasses.→Those glasses are ours

(2)用反义词进行同义转换。如:

That is not a new computer.→That is an old computer.

The box is too big.I can't carry it.→The box isn't small.I can't carry it.

(3)用另外一个句型结构来替换。此类题必须先弄清每个句型的构成特点,注意各个句型的固定搭配。如:

That's all right.→You're welcome.

I have a new pen in my pencil-box.→There is a new pen in my pencil-box.

6.对划线部分提问

对划线部分提问,实际上是把一个陈述句改为特殊疑问句。做此类题需要掌握三个步骤:首先,将划线部分换为相应的疑问词,置于句首;其二,将余下部分改为一般疑问句,置于疑问词后;第三,别忘了将标点符号改为“?”号。但要注意,如果是对主语或主语的定语提问,只需变动疑问词和标点符号,词序不变。对划线部分提问主要有下列疑问词:对人提问用who,whose;对事、物提问用what;对地点提问用where;对状态、程度提问用how;对年龄提问用how old;问年级、班级、行、组用what grade(class,row,team);问颜色用what colour;问数字用how many(much)等等。如:

(1)Mary is my sister.→Who is your sister?

(2)Tom's brother is a policeman.→Whose brother is a policeman?

(3)This is a new car.→What's this?

(4)They like climbing hills.→What do they like?

(5)There is a cup on the table.→What's on the table?

(6)The students are at school.→Where are the students?

(7)He's fine.→How is he?

(8)Her father is 43.→How old is her father?

(9)We're in Class One,Grade Two.→What class are you in?

(10)His shirt is white.→What colour is his shirt?

   免责声明:本站信息仅供参考,版权和著作权归原作者所有! 如果您(作者)发现侵犯您的权益,请与我们联系:QQ-362192,本站将立即删除!
 
阅读:

推荐 】 【 打印
相关新闻       初一  初一英语 
本文评论       全部评论
发表评论

点评: 字数
姓名:
内容查询

热门专题
 图片新闻