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2017年高考英语模拟考试题及答案1

[日期:2019-06-25]   [字体: ]

第I卷
第一部分  听力(共两节,满分30分)
做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
例:How much is the shirt?
A.£19.15.
B.£9.15.
C.£19.18.
答案是B。
1. How much will the man pay for the tickets?
A.£7.5.
B.£15.
C.£50.
2. Which is the right gate for the man’s flight?
A.Gate 16.
B.Gate 22.
C.Gate 25.
3. How does the man feel about going to school by bike?
A.Happy.
B.Tired.
C.Worried.
4. When can the woman get the computers?
A.On Tuesday.
B.On Wednesday.
C.On Thursday.
5. What does the woman think of the shirt for the party?
A.The size is not large enough.
B.The material is not good.
C.The color is not suitable.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话读两遍。

听6段材料,回答6、7题。
6. What can we learn about Mr.Brown?
A.He is in his office.
B.He is at a meeting.
C.He is out for a meal.
7. What will the man probably do next?
A.Call back.
B.Come again.
C.Leave a message.
听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。
8. What kind of room does the man want to take?
A.A single room.
B.A double room.
C.A room for three
9. What does the man need to put in the form?
A.Telephone and student card numbers.
B.Student card number and address.
C.Address and telephone number.
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10.What is the relationship between the speakers?
A.Follow clerks.
B.Boss and secretary.
C.Customer and salesperson.
11.What does the man like about his job?
A.Living close to the office.
B.Chances to go abroad.
C.Nice people to work with.
12.What do we know about the woman?
A.She likes traveling.
B.She is new to the company.
C.She works in public relations.
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13.When will the visitors come?
A.
B.
C.
(无13题选项及14题)
15.What will the visitors do on the second day?
A.Go to a party.
B.Visit schools.
C.Attend a lecture.
16.Where will the visitors go on the final day?
A.To London.
B.T Scotland.
C.To the coast.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17.What is the first word the baby tried to say?
A.Truck.
B.OK.
C.Duck.
18.How old was the baby when he learned to say that word correctly?
A.About 18 months.
B.About 21 months.
C.About 24 months.
19.What did the father do when the baby screamed that word at the airport?
A.He corrected the baby.
B.He tried to stop the baby.
C.He hid himself somewhere.
20.Why did the mother pretend not to know the baby?
A.She got angry with the father.
B.She was frightened by the noise.
C.She felt uneasy about the noisy baby.

第五部分  英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节 语法和词汇知识(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
例:It is generally considered unwise to give a child        he or she wants.
A.however            B.whatever              C.whichever            D.Whenever
答案是B。
21.My cousin came to see me from the country,          me a full basket of fresh fruits.
A.brought                  B.bringing
C.to bring                  D.had brought
22.Of the two sisters, Betty is          one, and she is also the one who loves to be quiet.
A.a younger                B.a youngest
C.the younger              D.the youngest
23.—How are you getting on with your cleaning? Do you need my help?
—      , but I think I’m all right.
A.No, thanks                B.That’s OK
C.You are helpful            D.That’s very kind of you
24.It was already past midnight and only three young men          in the tea house.
A.left                     B.remained
C.delayed                 D.deserted
25.I          along the street looking for a place to park when the accident       .
A.went; was occurring                     B.went; occurred
C.was going; occurred                     D.was going; had occurred
26.It’s quite          me why such things have been allowed to happen.
A.for                                   B.behind
C.against                                D.beyond
27.—It’s been raining for a whole week. I think it’ll get fine soon.
—      . We are getting into the rainy season now.
A.Yes, it will                B.Of course not
C.It’s possible               D.It’s hard to say
28.Tom sounds very much        in the job, but I’m not sure whether he can manage it.
A.interested                B.interesting
C.interestingly            D.interestedly
29.A warm thought suddenly came to me        I might use the pocket money to buy some flowers for my mother’s birthday.
A.if               B.when
C.that             D.which
30.Most of what has been said about the Simiths        also true of the Johnsons.
A.are                B.is
C.being              D.to be
31.Never in m wildest dreams        these people are living in such poor conditions.
A.I could imagine                B.could I imagine
C.I couldn’t imagine              D.couldn’t I imagine
32.You may drop in or just give me a call.        will do.
A.Either               B.Each     C.Neither            D.All
33.— Four dollars a pair? I think it’s a bit too much.
— If you buy three pairs, the price for each will        to three fifty.
A.come down               B.take down     C.turn over            D.go over
34.Catherine bought a postcard of the place she was visiting, addressed        to        and then posted it at the nearby post office.
A.it; her        B.it; herself     C.herself; her            D.herself; herself
35.Mr. GREen stood up in defence of the 16-year-old boy, saying that he was not the one        .
A.blamed        B.blaming     C.to blame            D.to be blamed
第二节 完形填空(共20小题,每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
Have you ever had to decide whether to go shopping or stay home and watch TV on a weekend? Now you  36  do both at the same time. Home shopping television networks(网络) have become a  37  for many people to shop without  38  having to leave their homes.
Some shoppers are  39  of department stores and supermarkets— 40  the crowds, waiting in long lines, and sometimes   41  of finding anything they want to buy. They’d rather sit quietly at home in front of the TV set and   42  a friendly announcer describe a product   43  a model shows it. And they can   44  around the clock, buying something   45  by making a phone call.
Department stores and even mail-under companies are   46  to join in the success of home shopping. Large department stores are busy   47  their own TV channels(频道)to encourage TV shopping in the future.  48  can ask questions about products and place   49  , all through their TV sets.
Will shopping by television   50  take the place of shopping in stores? Some industry managers think so.  51  many people find shopping at a   52  store a GREat enjoyment. And for many shoppers, it is still important to   53  or try on dresses they want to buy. That’s   54  specialists say that in the future, home shopping will   55  together with store shopping but will never entirely replace(取代) it.
36.A. must              B. should         C. shall             D. can
37.A. programme         B. way           C. reason           D. purpose
38.A. ever               B. never           C. still           D. once
39.A. proud              B. fond           C. tired           D. careful
40.A. fighting            B. striking         C. treating         D. stopping
41.A. sense              B. doubt          C. hope             D. feeling
42.A. see                B. watch          C. let              D. notice
43.A. until               B. since           C. if               D. while
44.A. shop               B. wait           C. turn               D. deliver
45.A. suitably               B. cheaply         C. simply             D. hardly
46.A. nervous               B. lucky           C. epual               D. eager
47.A. putting up               B. making up           C. setting up               D. looking up
48.A. Guests               B. Assistants           C. Managers               D. Customers
49.A. orders               B. goods              C. books                 D. answers
50.A. lastly                B. finally             C. especially              D. fortunately
51.A. Then                 B. Yet               C. However               D. Therefore
52.A. general               B. popular            C. real           D. true
53.A. design                B. make               C. wear         D. touch
54.A. how                  B. why               C. what             D. when
55.A. exist                  B. practise             D. follow          D. appear
阅读理解(共20小题,每小题2分,满分40分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。
A
When a storm is coming, most people leave the area as quickly ad possible and head for safety. But there are a few people who will get into their cars and go straight for the center of the storm. These people are willing to risk(冒…危险)being killed by floods or 100-kilometer-an-hour winds for the excitement of watching the storm close up.
“Storm chasing(追逐)” is becoming an increasingly popular hobby(喜好), especially in the Midwest of the United States, where there are frepuent storms between March and July. A storm chaser begins the day by checking the Internet for the latest weather reports, and then drives up to 1,000 kilometers to where the storm will be and wits for it to develop.
Although anyone can do it , storm chasing is extremely dangerous. The power of a big storm can throw a cow into the air or destroy a whole house in seconds. Storm chasers are also often hurt in accidents caused by driving in a heavy rain. If you are a beginner, it is much safer to join a group for storm-chasing vacations during the storm season.
Even then, storm chasing is not all adventure and excitement . “Storm chasing is 95% driving,” says Daniel Lynch, who spends most of his summer storm-chasing. “Sometimes you can sit around for hours waiting for something to happen, and all you get is blue sky and a few light showers.”
However, for storm chasers, it is all worth it. “When you get close to a storm, it is the most exciting sight you will ever see in your life,” says Jasper Morley. “Every storm is an example of the power of nature, It is the GREatest show on Earth.”
56. For storm chasing, the first thing storm chasers do is to          .
A. head straight for the center of the storm
B. get into the car for safety
C. wait patiently for the storm to develop
D. collect information about a coming storm
57. Beginners of storm chasing are advised             .
A. not to drive in a heavy rain
B. to do it in an organized way
C. not to get too close to a storm
D. to spend more time on it in summer
58. By saying “it is all worth it” in the last paragraph, the author means that             .
A. storm chasing costs  a lot of money
B. storm chasing is worth hours of waiting
C. efforts in storm chasing are well paid
D. a storm presents the GREatest show on Earth
59. What can we learn from the text?
A. Sometimes storm chasers get nothing but disappointment
B. Many storm chasers get killed in the storms.
C. Storm chasing is becoming popular around the world/
D. Storm chasing is only fit for young people.

B
People fell in love with Elizabeth Taylor in 1944, when she starred in National Velvet-the story of Velvet Brown, a young girl who wins first place in a famous horse race, At first, the producers of the movie told Taylor that she was too small to play the part of Velvet. However, they waited for her for a few months as she exercised and trained—and added three inches to her height in four months! Her acting in National Velvet is still considered the best by a child actress.
Elizabeth Taylor was born in London in 1932. Her parents, both Americans, had moved there for business reasons. When World war II started, the Taylor moved to Beverly Hills, California, and there Elizabeth started acting in movies. After her success as a child star, Taylor had no trouble moving into adult(成人)roles and won twice for Best Actress: Butterfield 8(1960) and Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf ? (1966)
Taylor’s fame(名声)and popularity gave her a lot of power with the movie industry, so she was able to demand very high pay for her movies. In 1963, she received $1 million for her part in Cleopatra—the highest pay received by any star up to that time.
Elizabeth Taylor is a legend (传奇人物) of our time. Like Velvet Brown in National Velvet, she has been lucky, she has beauty, fame and wealth. But she is also a hard worker. Taylor seldom acts in movies any more. Instead, she puts her time and efforts into her businesses, and into helping others — several years ago, she founded an organization that has raised more than $40 million for research and education.
60. The producers didn’t let Taylor play the part of Velvet at first because they thought she           .
A. was small in size      B. was too young
C. did not play well enough     D. did not show much interest
61. What Elizabeth Taylor and Velvet Brown had in common was that they were both          .
A. popular all their lives     B. famous actresses
C. suecessful when very young   D. rich and kind-hearted
62. Taylor became Best Actress at the age of          .
A. 12         B. 28                  C. 31          D. 34
63. In her later life , Elizabeth Taylor devoted herself to             .
A. doing business and helping others
B. turning herself into a legend
C. collecting money for the poor
D. going about research and education work

C
Lions are opportunists. They prefer to eat without having to do too much work. When resting in the shade, they are also watching the sky to see what is flying by, and even in the heat of the day they will suddenly start up and run a mile across the plains to find out what is going on. If another animal has made a kill, they will drive it off and take the dill for themselves. A grown lion can easily eat 60 pounds of meat at a single feeding. Often they eat until it seems painful for them to lie down.
The lioneases (母狮) , being thinner and faster, are better hunters (猎手) than the males (雄狮). But the males don’t mind. After the kill they move in and take the test share.
Most kills are made at night or just before daybreak. We have seen many, many daylight attempts but only ten kills. Roughly, It’s about twenty daytime attempts for one kill.
When lions are hiding for an attack by a water hole, they wait patiently and can charge at any second. The kill is the exciting moment in the day-to-day life of the lion, since these GREat animals spend most of their time, about 20 hours a day, sleeping and resting.
Lions are social cats, and when they are having a rest, they love to touch each other. After drinking at a water hole, a lioness rests her head on another’s back. When walking, young lions often touch faces with older ones, an act of close ties imong members of the group.
64. By describing lions as “opportunists” in the first paragraph, the author means to say that lions       .
A. are cruel animals     B. are clever animals
C. like to take advantage of other animals D. like to take every chance to eat
65. According to the text, which of the following is true?
A. Lions make most kills in the daytime.
B. Males care more about eating than active killing.
C. Lions are curious about things happening around them.
D. It doesn’t take lions too much time to make a kill.
66. How can we know that lions are social animals?
A. They depend on each other.   B. They look after each other well.
C. They readily share what they have.  D. They enjoy each other’s company.
67. What would be the best tiltle for the text?
A. Powerful Lions      B. Lions at Work and Play
C. Lions, Social Cats     D. Lions, Skilled Hunters


D
To extinguish (熄灭) different kinds of fires, several types of fire extinguishers have been invented. They must be ready for immediate use when fire breaks out. Most portable (手提式的) kinds operate for less than a minute, so they are useful only on small fires. The law requires ships, trains, buses and planes to carry extinguishers.
Since fuel, oxygen (氧气) and heat must be present in order for fire to exist, one or more of these things must be removed or reduced to extinguish a fire. If the heat is reduced by cooling the material below a certain temperature, the fire goes out. The cooling method is the most common way to put out a fire. Water is the best cooling material because it is low in cost and easy to get.
Another method of extinguishing fire is by cutting off the oxygen. This is usually done by covering the fire with sand, steam or some other things. A blanket may be used do cover a small fire.
A third method is called separation, which includes removing the fuel, or material easy to burn, from a fire, so that it can find no fuel.
The method that is used to put out a fire depends upon the type of fire. Fires have been grouped in three classes. Fires in wood, paper, cloth and the like are called Class A fires. These materials usually help keep the fire on. Such fires can be stopped most readily by cooling with water.
68. If a fire breaks out on a bus, which of the follow should be ready there for you to use?
A. Sand        B. Water
C. A blanket.       D. An extinguisher.
69. To cover a small piece of burning wood with a basin in order to stop the fire is an example of         .
A. separating the fire      B. reducing the heat
C. removing the fuel      D. cutting off the oxygen
70. In choosing how to put out a fire, we should first be clear about          .
A. when it breaks out     B. how it comes about
C. what kind it is      D. where it takes place
71. What would the author probably discuss in the paragraph that follows?
A. Another class of fires     B. Another type of extinguishers
C. How fires break out.     D. How fires can be prevented.

E
Childhood was an illusion (错觉) and the illusion was this: everything was bigger. No, Imean everything, not just houses and shops and grown-ups, but colors and flowers and journeys, especially journeys which seemed endless. “Are we there yet, Daddy?”
Funfairs (游乐场) were huge things that spread for miles around you with noise and lights and exciting danger. Rainy days at home when you were ill seemed to last for ever. Being a grown-up yourself was an unthinkable distant possibility. Every sound was louder, every game was grander, every pain unbearable.
As I’ve grown old, life has become smaller. Tastes have bulled. Surprises have lurned into shocks. Days go by unnoticed. How can I regain childhood when it was an illusion?
I have only one repeatable and wonderful way and even in this way I can regain only part of that larger world. I can play upon the stage like a child and make the crowd laugh and laugh with them, sometimes helplessly like a child, and then, even though I’m a sixty-one-year-old man, I can almost catch the colors and sounds and stillness of those bigger years when I was little.
72. How does the author feel about his childhood?
A. It was endless.          B. It was unpleasant.
C. He is glad that it is over. D. He misses it as a grown-up
73. The author thinks that everything was bigger in childhood because             .
A. children could not make proper judgments.
B. children were curious and eager about life
C. things appeared really big in children’s eyes
D. to grow up seemed so long for children
74. The world seems to have become smaller to the author because           .
A. life is disappointing             B. time goes by too fast
C. he has had too many surprises  D. foods no longer taste delicious
75. The author enjoys playing on the stage so as to            .
A. act like a child       B. live an unusual life
C. make the crowd laugh     D. regain his childhood


2006年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(安徽卷)
英语
第Ⅱ卷
注意事项:
请用0.5毫米黑色墨水签字笔在答题卡上书写作答,在试题卷上书写作答无效。

第四部分   写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。对标有题号的每一行作出判断:如无错误,在该行右边横线上画一个勾(√);如有错误(每行只有一个错误),则按下列情况改正:
此行多一个词:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词,并也用斜线划掉。
此行缺一个词:在缺词处用一个漏字符号(^),在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。
此行错一个词:在错的词下划一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。
注意:原行没有错的不要改。

There is a public library in every town in Britain. Anyone             76.       
Can borrow books if he or she wish. In some please you     77.       
May borrow as more books as you need, but in others               78.       
You are limited in a certain number of books. You may               79.       
Keep the books for several weeks so as you can have               80.       
Enough time to finish it. If the book you want is out               81.       
You may ask it to be kept for you. Most public libraries              82.       
Also have a reading-room, that you can sit at the desk               83.       
And read the daily newspapers, magazines and the other             84.       
Books, but you are not permit to take them out.                85.       

第二节  书面表达(满分25分)
假设你是李华,作为选派的交流学生在美国某中学学习了一年,寄住在Mr. Brown家里,刚回到国内。回国后你发现自己的一本英语词典遗忘在他家,因此给他写一封信,请他帮助寄回词典。信的主要内容如下:
* 感谢在美国期间他所提供的帮助。
* 一本英语词典忘记带回。
* 词典是美国老师送的,非常珍贵。
* 词典很可能丢在卧室的书架上。
* 邮资自己付。
注意:
    1.词数100左右;信的开头和结尾已为你写好。
2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
3.参考词汇:邮资—postage

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