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重阳节 Chung Yeung Festival

重阳节中英文简介

[日期:2008-10-06]   [字体: ]

 农历九月九日,为传统的重阳节。重阳节又称为"双九节""老人节"因为古老的《易经》中把“六”定为阴数,把“九”定为阳数,九月九日,日月并阳,两九相重,故而叫重阳,也叫重九,古人认为是个值得庆贺的吉利日子,并且从很早就开始过此节日。庆祝重阳节的活动多彩浪漫,一般包括出游赏景、登高远眺、观赏菊花、遍插茱萸、吃重阳糕、饮菊花酒等活动。九九重阳,因为与“久久”同音,九在数字中又是最大数,有长久长寿的含义,况且秋季也是一年收获的黄金季节,重阳佳节,寓意深远,人们对此节历来有着特殊的感情,唐诗宋词中有不少贺重阳,咏菊花的诗词佳作。

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  重阳节是杂糅多种民俗为一体而形成的传统节日,同时它也不像春节、端午、中秋等是多民族共同节日,而为汉族所独有。
  重阳节是一个岁时节日。在中国岁时节令中有7个重复月日数字,如正月正(春节)、二月二、三月三、五月五(端午)、六月六、七月七(七夕)和九月九,先后成了习俗节日。九月九日,日月并阳,所以它在岁时中占有重要位置,是信仰中最崇拜的神秘数字。
  重阳节首先有登高的习俗,金秋九月,天高气爽,这个季节登高远望可达到心旷神怡、健身祛病的目的。和登高相联系的有吃重阳糕的风俗。高和糕谐音,作为节日食品,最早是庆祝秋粮丰收,喜尝新粮的用意,以后民间才有了登高吃糕,取步步高的吉祥之意。
  重阳日,历来就有赏菊花的风俗,所以古来又称菊花节。农历九月俗称菊月,节日举办菊花大会,倾城的人潮赴会赏菊。从三国魏晋以来,重阳聚会饮酒、赏菊赋诗已成时尚。在汉族古俗中,菊花象征长寿。古代还风行九九插茱萸的习俗,所以又叫做茱萸节。茱萸入药,可制酒养身祛病。
  重阳节早在战国时期就已经形成,到了唐代,重阳被正式定为民间的节日,此后历朝历代沿袭至今。
  在民俗观念中,九九重阳,因为与“久久”同音,包含有生命长久、健康长寿的寓意。1989年,我国把每年的农历九月九日定为老人节,倡导全社会树立尊老、敬老、爱老、助老的风气,重阳节又多了一层新含意。
编辑本段重阳节起源
  农历九月九日,为传统的重阳节。因为古老的《易经》中把“六”定为阴数,把“九”定为阳数,九月九日,日月并阳,两九相重,故而叫重阳,也叫重九。“重阳节”名称见于记载却在三国时代。据曹丕《九日与钟徭书》中载:“岁往月来,忽复九月九日。九为阳数,而日月并应,俗嘉其名,以为宜于长久,故以享宴高会。”
  重阳节是个历史悠久的节日,由于年代久远,节日的形成不易考察明确。因此,关于重阳节的起源,有种种不同的说法:
  其一:
  重阳的源头,可追溯到先秦之前。《吕氏春秋》之中《季秋纪》载:“(九月)命家宰,农事备收,举五种之要。藏帝籍之收于神仓,祗敬必饬。”“是日也,大飨帝,尝牺牲,告备于天子。”可见当时已有在秋九月农作物丰收之时祭飨天帝、祭祖,以谢天帝、祖先恩德的活动。
  汉代,《西京杂记》中记西汉时的宫人贾佩兰称:“九月九日,佩茱萸,食蓬饵,饮菊花酒,云令人长寿。”相传自此时起,有了重阳节求寿之俗。这是受古代巫师(后为道士)追求长生,采集药物服用的影响。同时还有大型饮宴活动,是由先秦时庆丰收之宴饮发展而来的。《荆楚岁时记》云:“九月九日,四民并籍野饮宴。”隋杜公瞻注云:“九月九日宴会,未知起于何代,然自驻至宋未改。”求长寿及饮宴,构成了重阳节的基础。
  三国时,.魏文帝曹丕《九日与钟繇书》说:“岁往月来,忽复九月九日。九为阳数,而日月并应,倍嘉其名,以为宜于长久,故以享宴高会。”可见当时节俗已定型了。重阳节主题,是求长寿、戴茱萸、酿菊酒、赏菊、酿酒及祭把酒业神等。在流传至今后又添加了敬老等内涵,更具有意义,另外有登高野宴活动及各种游戏等。
  其二:
  重阳节的原型之一是古代的祭祀大火的仪式。
  作为古代季节星宿标志的“大火”(即心宿二),在季秋九月隐退,《夏小正》称“九月内火”,大火星的退隐,不仅使一向以大火星为季节生产与季节生活标识的古人失去了时间的坐标,同时使将大火奉若神明的古人产生莫名的恐惧,火神的休眠意味着漫漫长东的到来,因此,在“内火”时节,一如其出现时要有迎火仪式那样,人们要举行相应的送行祭仪。古代的祭仪情形虽渺茫难晓,但我们还是可以从后世的重阳节仪中寻找到一些古俗遗痕。如江南部分地区有重阳祭灶的习俗,是家居的火神,由此可见古代九月祭祀“大火”的蛛丝马迹。古人长将重阳与上巳或寒食、九月九与三月三作为对应的春秋大节。汉刘歆《西京杂记》称:“三月上巳,九月重阳,使女游戏,就此祓禊登高。”上巳、寒食与重阳的对应,是以“大火”出没为依据的。
  随着人们谋生技术的进步,人们对时间有了新的认识,“火历”让位于一般历法。九月祭火的仪式衰亡,但人们对九月因阳气的衰减而引起的自然物侯变化仍然有着特殊的感受,因此登高避忌的古俗依旧传城,虽然世人已有了新的解释。
  重阳在民众生活中成为夏冬交接的时间界标。如果说上巳、寒食是人们渡过漫长冬季后出室畅游的春节,那么重阳大约是在秋寒新至、人民即将隐居时的具有仪式意义的秋游,所以民俗有上巳“踏青”,重阳“辞青”。重阳节俗就围绕着人们的这一时季感受展开。

Lunar New Year on September 9, for the traditional Chung Yeung Festival. Chung Yeung Festival, also known as the "double 9", "festival" since the ancient "Book of Changes" in the "six" as a negative number, "nine" as Yang, on September 9, and Yang Sun, 29-phase, therefore called Chung Yeung, also known as Chongjiu, that the ancients is a cause for celebration of the auspicious day, and had to start from very early on this holiday. Chung Yeung Festival to celebrate the romantic and colorful activities, including general travel Shangjing, high view, watching chrysanthemum, Biancha Mastixia, Chung Yeung rice to eat, drink chrysanthemum wine, and other activities. Chung Yeung Festival on September 9, as with the "long" is a homonym, in the nine figures is the largest number, the meaning of life for a long time, the fall is more a year is the golden harvest season, Chung Yeung Festival, a far-reaching implication, this festival has always been special Feelings of many in the Tang and Song Chong-Yang He, Yong Chrysanthemum works of poetry.
Chung Yeung Festival is a variety of miscellaneous Rou folk as one formed by traditional festivals and at the same time it is not like the Spring Festival, the Dragon Boat Festival, Mid-Autumn Festival is a multi-ethnic, and other common festivals, and as unique to the Han.
Chung Yeung Festival is a festival at the age of. China-year-old season in order to repeat in 7 days on the figures, such as being the first month (Spring Festival), February 2, March III, May 5 (the Dragon Boat Festival), June 6, July 7 (Tanabata) and the Kowloon-September , The festival has become a custom. September 9, and sun-yang, so when it occupies an important position, is the belief in worship of the most mysterious figures.
Chung Yeung Festival First of all, there are high customs, autumn September, Qi Shuang-day high, the high season looking relaxed and happy can be achieved, illnesses and fitness. And the associated high Chongyang have to eat cake custom. Homophonic and high cake, as food festivals, is the first celebration of the autumn grain harvest, Chang Xin Xi food is intended to be a high after the non-food cake, take the step by step auspicious meaning.
Chongyang, there has always been the custom tours chrysanthemum, the Chrysanthemum Festival, also known since ancient times. Ju, commonly known as the Lunar September, the chrysanthemum festival organized by the General Assembly, the Fashion Shangju people to attend the meeting. From the three countries since the Wei, Jin and Chung Yeung Festival gathering to drink, Shangjufushi is a popular sport. In the ancient customs of the Han nationality, a symbol of long life chrysanthemum. Also popular in the ancient custom of 99 Mastixia play, so they called Mastixia section. Mastixia medicine, wine-Yang Shen illnesses.
Chung Yeung Festival as early as the Warring States period has been formed in the Tang Dynasty to the Chung Yeung Festival was officially designated as non-holiday, after which successive dynasties followed so far.
In the folk concept, the Chung Yeung Festival on September 9, as with the "long" is a homonym, contains a long life, health and long life of meaning. In 1989, China's annual Lunar New Year on September 9 as the festival to promote community-wide set example in respect for the elderly, caring for the elderly, help the old culture, Chung Yeung Festival added a new layer of meaning.
Edit this paragraph origin of the Chung Yeung Festival
Lunar New Year on September 9, for the traditional Chung Yeung Festival. Because of the age-old "Book of Changes" in the "six" as a negative number, "nine" as Yang, on September 9, and Yang Sun, 29-phase, therefore called Chung Yeung, also known as Chongjiu. "Chung Yeung Festival" in the name of records found in the Three Kingdoms. According to Pi, "Yao on the 9th and 10 minutes" contains: "to the age of months, then resume on September 9. For the nine-yang, and the sun and should, vulgar Kerry by name, that the desirability of long-term, so as to enjoy Dinner will be high. "
Chung Yeung Festival is a long history of the festival, as the old, the festival is not easy to form a clear inspection. As a result, the Chung Yeung Festival on the origin, there are all kinds of different versions:
The first:
Chongyang the source, dating back to before the Qin Dynasty. "Lu Spring and Autumn", "Ji Ji-qiu" set: "(September) slaughter family life, farming land preparation, to give it five. Tibetan Timor's membership warehouse at God, King will only order." "Day Also, works of famous Emperor, at the expense of taste, were prepared in the Son of Heaven. "Can be seen at the time have been in the autumn crop harvest in September when the works of famous Festival Association, the memorial to thank the Emperor of Heaven, Ende ancestors.
Han Dynasty, "Xi Xi" in mind when the Western Han Dynasty palace of the people Jiapei Lan said: "September 9, Yu Pei Zhu, Peng fresh bait, drink chrysanthemum wine, it goes live longer." Legend has it that from now on, with Chongyang Qiushouzhisu section. This is the ancient shamans (priests after) the pursuit of long life, the acquisition of drug taking. At the same time, there are large-scale banquets, by the time the pre-Qin Qing Fengshou the development of the feast. "Jing-Chu at the age of mind": "September 9, Ye Si-min and membership banquets." Dugong Sui-looking note: "dinner on September 9, at Ho on behalf of the unknown, but from the Zhi Song is not in Change. "Longevity and for banquets, constitute the basis for the Chung Yeung Festival.
The three countries,. Wei Wendi Pi "on the 9th and 10 minutes forced labor": "to the age of months, then resume on September 9. For the nine-yang, and the sun and should be, the Kerry-fold, the desirability of thought for a long time, so in order to enjoy Dinner will be high. "Can be seen at the time of the stereotypes have been popular festival. Chung Yeung Festival theme, is seeking a long life to wear Mastixia, chrysanthemum wine brewing, Shangju, wine and wine festival to God, and so on. Has been At the respecting the elderly and so on and then add content, more meaningful, and there are a variety of activities and high Ye Yan games.
Second:
Chung Yeung Festival is one of the prototype of the ancient ritual fire ceremony.
As the ancient constellation season marked by "fire" (that is, Antares), Ji-qiu in the September retreat, "Summer is a small," said the "fire in September", the Mars retire, not only is renowned for its large Mars for the season with the production of the season Life of ancient people Logo lost time coordinates and at the same time so that the fire would have a Fengruoshenming the ancient nameless fear, Vulcan's long dormant means that the arrival of the East, in the "fire" season, as it appears to be A welcome ceremony for the fire, people want to see him off to hold the ceremonies. The ancient rituals of the difficult situation, although little known, but we can still save succeeding generations from the Chung Yeung Festival of the instrument to look for some ancient customs Yihen. If Chongyang southern part of the region Jizao customs, is home of Vulcan, we can see the ancient ritual September, "the fire" of clues. The ancients would be long or have been on the Chung Yeung and Cold Food, September 9 and March three counterparts as a large section of the Spring and Autumn. Liu Xin-han, "Notes Xijing" said: "March has been on, the Chung Yeung Festival in September, the women of the game, on this high purification cleanse." Been on, and Cold Food Chongyang counterparts, the "fire" come and go based.
With advances in technology to make a living, it is time for a new understanding, "Li-fire," given the general calendar. Jihuo ceremony of the September decline, but the yang of September as a result of decay caused by natural changes in the Hou still has a special feeling, so high Biji the still-popular ancient city, although the world has a new interpretation.
In the Chung Yeung public life into summer and winter time of the handover landmark. If been on, the Cold Food is through the room after a long winter tour of the Spring Festival, Chung Yeung about the new Qiuhan to the people about to have lived at the time of the ceremony Qiuyou significance, so folk have been on "Ta-Qing", Chung Yeung "speech GREen. " Chung Yeung Festival goes on around the people's feelings when the season started.
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