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中英文作文:改革开放30年的变化

英语作文范文1

[日期:2008-10-04]   [字体: ]

改革开放以来,伴随着一句句流行词语,我们感受着30年的变迁和进程。

第一阶段:思想上的拨乱反正,体现了一个“破”字

[实践是检验真理的唯一标准]它是针对“两个凡是”提出来的。随着这一观念的确立,中国人民得到两种最为宝贵的财富:一是务实作风,恢复实事求是的优良传统;二是解放思想,敢于打破各种不利于改革的禁锢。

[平反]命运被扭曲的人们终于得到一个说法,国家、民族遭受的苦难终于被遏止。平反,这个沉甸甸的令人悲喜交集的词,拉开了改革开放新时期的大幕。

[包产到户]18双长满老茧的大手举起了挑战人民公社僵化体制的大旗,黎明的曙光让八亿农民看到了希望。中国的第二次革命又走了一条“农村包围城市的道路”。

[万元户]是指在“先富起来”的政策下最先受益的一部分人。尽管时下万元户已不复荣耀,但在人们记忆中,其含金量仍不可小视——在谨慎的年代,它使我们第一次启动了致富的理念。

[一包就灵]打破了僵化的国有企业体制,扩大了企业自主权,体现了国家、集体和个人三者利益关系的变化。“交够国家的,留足集体的,剩下全是自己的”成为激发企业活力的动力。

[端掉“铁饭碗”,打破“大锅饭”]企业内部改革的核心,实现了真正意义上的按劳分配,调动了职工的积极性和创造性。多干多拿、少干少拿、不干不拿的差别观念和公正观念在人们思想中开始形成。

[中国特色]党的十二大为我们调制出的一种混合色。任尔赤橙黄绿青蓝紫,咬定“中国”不放松。从此这一特色备受青睐,被广泛应用在多种新生事物上。

第二阶段:第二次思想解放,体现了一个“闯”字

[摸着石头过河]这是“不争论”,重实践的最通俗解读。这句话让老百姓失去了“条条框框”,但过河的信心却树立起来。

[敢闯]改革的代名词。学习外地改革开放经验的第一要素。发展滞后地区的最大遗憾是不敢闯。

[下海]当大多数人还在计划经济的温室里观望时,最先从国有单位辞职从事商业活动的“下海”者确实有一番“弄潮儿”之雄风。当今天的人们都投身于市场经济的海洋中,“海”与“岸”难以区别,又有什么区别的必要呢?

[一国两制]总设计师的大笔一挥,便在辉煌的共和国大厦旁建起了一座西式小楼。“小家”也学会了“大家”的治国之道:一人在机关图个稳定,一人下海大赚钞票。多样化已不再是国家和家庭构成的禁锢。

[商品经济]十二届三中全会提出建立有计划的商品经济,为1992年社会主义市场经济的登台作了平稳铺垫。对当时的老百姓来说,看得见的“商品”确实比摸不着的“市场”更易接受,但市场的作用已悄悄进入了人们的生活。

[资本主义也有计划,社会主义也有市场]为姓“社”还是姓“资”的争论盖棺定论。计划多一点,还是市场多一点,不是社会主义与资本主义的本质区别。老百姓忽然眼前一亮:原来如此。

[“三个有利于”]观察事物要有标准,有了标准就能识别对错。“三个有利于”成为改革开放的试金石,使人们的方向感大大增强。

第三阶段:从改革体制入手,体现了一个“创”字

[社会主义市场经济]从“有计划的商品经济”到“以计划经济为主,以市场经济为辅”,再到“社会主义市场经济”。社会主义市场经济地位的确定,使中国的改革站到了历史的前台,完成了几次“惊险的一跳”。

[股份制]它不仅改变了所有制结构,而且也使不少人成为投资者、拥有者。更重要的是让人们意识到,市场经济不仅有回报,还会有风险,因而人们的心理承受能力大大增强。炒股者渐渐明白:没有相关的投资技巧,没准儿把自己炒掉。

[下岗]有人说下岗是结束,有人说下岗是开始,也有人说是被老板炒了,还有人说是炒了老板,全在你怎么看。但有一点是明白无误的,下岗是每个人都可能遭遇的事。

[再就业]下岗工人多了,再就业变成了举国关注的重要工程。需要提醒的是,再就业不仅仅是下岗职工的迫切需要,更对社会所有成员的能力、勇气和信心提出新要求。

[农民工]这是一个特殊的群体,有工作无岗位,人在城市家在农村。他们的诉求应该得到重视,他们的权益应该得到保障,因为社会的发展已经离不开他们。

[民工潮]成千上万敢于离开祖祖辈辈耕耘的土地,向命运挑战的农村剩余劳动力,如浪打浪般地涌向各个城市,渐成民工潮,春运便成了上上下下关注的大事,城乡的壁垒开始松动。

[发展是硬道理]对于致富的渴望,对于改变落后面貌的期待,快速发展成为最硬的道理。但是硬发展就会没道理。协调发展、持续发展开始提上人们的议程。

 第四阶段:树立新的发展理念,体现了一个“民”字

[奥运]是一个变成现实的梦。她是一个台阶,可以提升我们所有落后的东西:环境、国民心态、公民素质、文化水平……我们会发现,原来人民可以更文明、更有素质地生活和面对世界。

[希望工程]希望工程在改变贫困地区180万失学儿童命运的同时,也让更多的人发现了自己的良心和正义,而这正是社会的希望所在。由于它的巨大影响,“工程”一词开始流行,出现了“再就业工程”、“小康工程”、“民生工程”等。

[以人为本]从改革到发展,从经济到社会,从立法到执法,都要坚持以人为本,这标志着执政理念的重大改变。人们对人权虽然没有那么多的关注,但越来越多地感受到自身的存在和应该享受的权利。

[和谐社会]资本主义社会追求的是经济公平,认为这是基础;社会主义社会追求的是社会公平,认为这是目标。和谐社会是什么?是理解?是包容?是公平正义?人们正在慢慢地体会它的内涵。

[关注民生]民生就是人民的生计,所谓民生就是让老百姓有活干,有学上,有饭吃,有房住,病有医,老有养。

[科学发展观]在发展上,我们不能以长远的悲剧代价换取短期的利益。与人类整体发展历史相比,这种追逐短期利益的行为是不可取的。在某种程度上,经济增长是贫富问题,而生态环境则是生死问题。科学发展观是发展理念的根本转变。

Since reform and opening up, accompanied by a sentence of a popular term, we are 30 years of experience and the process of change.

The first phase: the ideological bring order out of chaos, reflecting a "broken"

[Practice is the sole criterion for testing truth] it is against the "two whatevers" put forward. With the concept of the establishment of the Chinese people have been two of the most valuable asset: a pragmatic style, to restore the fine tradition of seeking truth from facts; The second is to emancipate the mind, the courage to break all kinds of false imprisonment is not conducive to reform.

[Rehabilitate] distorted the fate of a people finally, the country and the nation has been suffering to stop. Rehabilitated, this is heavy Beixijiaoji words, opened a new era of reform and opening up the big screen.

[Baochandaohu] 18 pair of big hands covered with calluses challenges raised the banner of the people's commune system of rigid, so that sunrise million farmers see hope. China's second revolution and take a "path of encircling the cities from rural areas."



[000 million] is the "get rich first" policy under the first part of the benefit of people. Despite the current 000 million no longer honor, but people remember, the gold still can not - care in the 1990s, which for the first time that we started the idea of getting rich.

[On a pack of Hope] to break the rigid system of state-owned enterprises, and expand the autonomy of enterprises, reflecting the state, collective and individual interests of the three. "Enough to pay the country, leaving the collective foot, leaving all their own," has become the driving force to stimulate the vitality of enterprises.

[Duandiao "iron rice bowl" break "from the same big pot"] the core of enterprise reform, the realization of a true sense of the distribution according to work, to mobilize the workers of the initiative and creativity. Get more and more dry, less dry less, do not take the differences in the concepts and ideas just begun to take shape in people's thinking.

[Chinese characteristics] of the party's twelve We GREatly modulation of a mixed color. Fall term Green Orange Red Green blue-violet, insist the "Chinese" do not relax. Since then, the favored characteristics, widely used in a variety of new things on.

The second phase: the second liberation of thinking reflects a "Chuang"

[Cross the river by feeling the stones] that this is "no controversy", the practice of re-interpretation of the most popular. This sentence so that ordinary people have lost "outside the box", but the confidence of the river has set up.

[Dare to break through] a synonym for reform. Learning experience in the field of reform and opening up to the first element. Behind the development of the region's biggest reGREt is not dare to break through.

[Go] when most people are still a planned economy in the GREenhouse wait and see, the first resignation from the state-owned units to engage in commercial activities, "the sea" are indeed a "beach-goers" Hsiung Feng. Today, when people are engaged in the marine market economy, "the sea" and "shore" difficult to distinguish between what's necessary to distinguish between them?

[One country, two systems] the chief architect of the stroke of the pen, then in the glory of the Republic of the building next to set up a Western-style small building. "Little House" has learned to "all" governance: a map of stability in the body, a sea of people to make big money. Diversification is no longer a family consisting of national and false imprisonment.

[Commodity economy] Third Plenary Session of the 12 proposed the establishment of a planned commodity economy, in 1992 for a socialist market economy, the stage was made to pave the way smooth. At that time, for the people, see the "goods" has touched more than the "market" more acceptable, but the market has quietly entered the people's lives.

[There are also plans to capitalism, socialism is also the market] for the name "Society" name is "owned" the final nail on the controversy. Plan a little more or a little more than the market, socialism and capitalism is not the essential difference. All of a sudden people eyes: I see.

[ "Three favorables"] observe things to have standards, the standards will be able to identify with right or wrong. "Three benefits" become a touchstone of reform and opening up so that people can GREatly enhance the sense of direction.

The third stage: from the start with reform of the system, embodies a "hit"

[Socialist market economy] from the "planned commodity economy" to "to the planned economy mainly as a supplement to the market economy", and "socialist market economy." The socialist market economy status determination, so that China's reform and stood in front of history, the completion of a number of "breathtaking jump."

[Joint-stock] not only changed the ownership structure, but also make many people become investors, the owner. More importantly, the people realized that not only the return of the market economy, there will be risks, and thus people's mental capacity to bear GREatly increased. Stocks are gradually understand: There is no investment-related skills, Maybe their fire.

[Off] some people say is the end of the laid-off, it is said that laid-off is the beginning, it was said to be the boss of the speculation, there is speculation that the owner, all in how you look. But one thing is clear, everyone is laid off may be encountered.

[New jobs] number of laid-off workers, re-employment has become a major concern to the whole project. Need to be reminded that the re-employment of laid-off workers is not only an urgent need, but also for all members of the community's ability, courage and confidence to put forward new demands.

[Migrant workers] This is a special group of people, there is no work posts in the city in the rural areas. Their aspirations should be given due attention to their rights and interests should be protected, because they can not be separated from the development has been.

[Tide] have the courage to leave tens of thousands of working the land for generations to challenge the fate of rural surplus labor, such as the Waves came into the cities, and gradually the tide, the Spring Festival has become the major concern from top to bottom, the city Rural barriers began to loosen.

[Development is the last word] desire to get rich, for the backwardness of expectations, the rapid development of the most hard truth. However, the development of hardware would be unreasonable. Coordinated development of the sustainable development of people began to put on the agenda.

The fourth stage: to establish a new development concept reflects a "people"

[Olympic] is a dream into a reality. She was a step behind all that we can improve things: the environment, national mentality, the quality of civic, and cultural levels ... ... we will find that people can be more civilized, more quality of life and the world.

[Project Hope] works in the hope that the change in the poverty-stricken areas fate of the 1,800,000 children out of school at the same time so that more people have found their conscience and justice, which is the hope for the community. Because of its enormous impact, "project" began, there have been "re-employment project", "well-off project," "livelihood projects".

[People] to reform from the development of economic society, from legislation to law enforcement must adhere to people-oriented, marking a major change in philosophy. Although people are not that many human rights concerns, but felt more and more of their own existence and should enjoy the right.

[Harmonious society] in a capitalist society is the pursuit of economic fairness, that this is the basis; socialist society is the pursuit of social justice, that this is the goal. A harmonious society is what? Is the understanding? Is inclusive? Is a fair and just? People are slowly understand the connotations of it.

[People's livelihood] is the livelihood of the people's livelihood, the so-called people's livelihood is to let people do live, learn, food, shelter, medical disease, a sense of support.

[The scientific concept of development] in the development, we can not be a long-term cost of the tragedy in exchange for short-term interests. And the overall development of human history, this short-term interests of the chase is not desirable. To a certain extent, economic growth is rich and the poor, and the ecological environment is a question of life and death. The concept of scientific development concept is to develop fundamental change.
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