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VOA特别英语1500词汇

[日期:2007-10-29]   [字体: ]
A.
accept - v. to aGREe to receive
 接受

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accident - n. something that happens by chance or mistake; an unplanned event
 事故
accuse - v. to say a person is responsible for an act or crime; to make a statement
against someone
 指责
activist - n. one who seeks change through action
激进分子
administration - n. the executive part of a government, usually headed by a
president or prime minister
 政府
admit - v. to accept ("admitted to the United Nations"); to express one's guilt or
responsibility ("He admitted that what he did was wrong.")
 承认
adult - n. a grown person
 成人
advise - v. to help with information, knowledge or ideas in making a decision
 建议
affect - v. to produce an effect on; to influence ("A lack of sleep affected the singer's
performance.")
 影响
agency - n. an organization that is part of a larger group ("an agency of the United
Nations")
 机构
agGREssion - n. an attack against a person or country; the violation of a country's
borders
 侵略
agriculture - n. farming
 农业
air force - n. a military organization using airplanes
空军

album - n. a collection of recorded music
歌集

alcohol - n. a strong, colorless liquid, usually made from grain, used as a drug or in
industrial products
 酒精

ally - n. a nation or person joined with another for a special purpose
联合体
ambassador - n. a nation's highest diplomatic representative (to another
government)
 大使
amend - v. to add to or to change (a proposal or law)
 修正
ammunition - n. the bullets or shells fired from guns
 弹药
anarchy - n. a lack of order; lawlessness
 无政府状态
ancestor - n. a family member from the past
 祖先
ancient - ad. very old; long ago
 远古的
anniversary - n. a yearly celebration or observance of an event that happened in the
past
周年
announce - v. to make known publicly; to declare officially
 宣布
apologize - v. to express reGREt for a mistake or accident for which one accepts
responsibility
 致歉
appeal - v. to take to a higher court, person or group for a decision; to call on
somebody for help
 上诉;呼吁
appear - v. to show oneself; to come into sight; to seem
 出现
appoint - v. to name; to choose ("appoint a judge")
 任命
approve - v. to aGREe with; to agree to support
 赞成
archeology - n. the scientific study of past human life and activities
考古学
argue - v. to offer reasons for or against something; to dispute; to disaGREe
 争论
arms - n. military equipment; weapons
 兵器
arrest - v. to seize a person for legal action; to take as a prisoner
 逮捕
artillery - n. big guns
 炮
assist - v. to help
 帮助
astronaut - n. a person who travels in space
 宇航员
astronomy - n. the scientific study of stars and the universe
 天文学
asylum - n. political protection given by a government to a person from another
country
 政治庇护
atmosphere - n. the gases surrounding any star or planet
 大气层
attach - v. to tie together; to connect
 系上;连接
attack - n. a violent attempt to damage, injure or kill; v. to start a fight
 袭击
attempt - v. to work toward something; to try; to make an effort
 尝试
attend - v. to be present at
 出席
automobile - n. a vehicle with wheels used to carry people; a car
 汽车
average - n. something (a number) representing the middle; ad. common; normal
 平均,平常
avoid - v. to stay away from
 避免
award - n. an honor or prize for an act or service
 奖励


B

balance - v. to make two sides or forces equal
平衡

balloon - n. a device of strong, light material that rises when filled with gas lighter
than air
气球

ballot - n. a piece of paper used for voting
选票

ban - v. to not permit; to stop; n. an official restriction
禁止
bar - v. to prevent or block
 禁止,阻碍
barrier - n. anything that blocks or makes an action difficult
障碍
base - n. a military center
军营 ; v. to establish as a fact 基于 ("Her research was based on
experiments.")
 
battle - n. a fight between opposing armed forces
 战斗
beat - v. to hit again and again
 击打
betray - v. to turn against; to be false to
背叛
bill - n. a legislative proposal
 议案
biology - n. the scientific study of life or living things in all their forms
 生物学
blame - v. to accuse; to hold responsible
 责备
block - v. to stop something from being done; to prevent movement
 堵塞,阻碍
bomb - n. a device that explodes with GREat force
炸弹 ; v. to attack or destroy with
bombs
炸弹袭击
border - n. a dividing line between nations
边界
boycott - v. to refuse to take part in or deal with
 联合抵制
brief - ad. short; not long
 简短的
broadcast - v. to send information, stories or music by radio or television; n. a radio
or television program
  广播
brown - ad. having the color like that of coffee
褐色的
budget - n. a spending plan
 预算
bullet - n. a small piece of metal shot from a gun
子弹
burst - v. to break open suddenly
 爆裂
business - n. one's work; buying and selling to earn money; trade
 工作,商业

C
cabinet - n. a group of ministers that helps lead a government
内阁
camp - n. a place with temporary housing
 露营
campaign - n. a competition by opposing political candidates seeking support from
voters; a connected series of military actions during a war
 活动
cancel - v. to end; to stop
 取消
cancer - n. a disease in which dangerous cells grow quickly and destroy parts of the
body
 癌症
candidate - n. a person who seeks or is nominated for an office or an honor
候选人
capitalism - n. an economic system in which the production of most goods and
services is owned and operated for profit by private citizens or companies
资本主义
capture - v. to make a person or animal a prisoner; to seize or take by force; to get
control of
捕获
case (court) - n. a legal action
 案例
case (medical) - n. an incident of disease ("There was only one case of chicken pox
at the school.")
 病例
cause - v. to make happen; n. the thing or person that produces a result
 导致
ceasefire - n. a halt in fighting, usually by aGREement
 停火协议
celebrate - v. to honor a person or event with special activities
 庆祝
ceremony - n. an act or series of acts done in a special way established by tradition
 仪式
chairman - n. a person leading a meeting or an organized group
 主席
champion - n. the best; the winner
 冠军
charge - v. to accuse someone of something, usually a crime
控诉 ; n. a statement in
which someone is accused of something
指控
chase - v. to run or go after someone or something
 追逐
cheer - v. to shout approval or praise
 欢呼
chemicals - n. elements found in nature or made by people; substances used in the
science of chemistry
 化学物质
chemistry - n. the scientific study of substances, what they are made of, how they
act under different conditions, and how they form other substances
 化学
chief - n. the head or leader of a group
首领 ; ad. leading; most important 主要的
civilian - ad. not military
平民
civil rights - n. the political, economic and social rights given equally to all people of
a nation
公民权力
claim - v. to say something as a fact
声明
clash - n. a battle
冲突 ; v. to fight or oppose 发生冲突
clergy - n. a body of officials within a religious organization
 神职人员
climate - n. the normal weather conditions of a place
 气候
coal - n. a solid black substance used as fuel
 煤
coalition - n. forces, groups or nations joined together
 联盟
coast - n. land on the edge of the ocean
 海岸
colony - n. land controlled by another country or government
 殖民地
combine - v. to mix or bring together
 联合,结合
command - v. to order; to have power over something
 命令
comment - v. to say something about; to express an opinion about something
 评论
committee - n. a group of people given special work
 委员会
communicate - v. to tell; to give or exchange information
 交流,通信
community - n. a group of people living together in one place or area
 社区
compare - v. to examine what is different or similar
 对比
compete - v. to try to do as well as, or better than, another or others
 竞争
complex - ad. of or having many parts that are difficult to understand; not simple
复杂的
compromise - n. the settlement of an argument where each side aGREes to accept
less than first demanded
 折衷
concern - n. interest, worry ("express concern about") ; v. to fear ("to be
concerned")
关注,关心
condemn - v. to say a person or action is wrong or bad
遣责
condition - n. something declared necessary to complete an aGREement
条件 ; a person's
health
身体状况
conference - n. a meeting
会议
confirm - v. to approve; to say that something is true
确定
conflict - n. a fight; a battle, especially a long one
 冲突
congratulate - v. to praise a person or to express pleasure for success or good luck
祝贺
ConGREss - n. the organization of people elected to make the laws of the United
States (the House of Representatives and the Senate); a similar organization in
other countries
 议会
conservative - n. one who usually supports tradition and opposes GREat change
 保守派
constitution - n. the written general laws and ideas that form a nation's system of
government
宪法
contain - v. to hold; to include
 包容
container - n. a box, bottle or can used to hold something
容器
continent - n. any of the seven GREat land areas of the world
 大陆
control - v. to direct; to have power over
 控制
convention - n. a large meeting for a special purpose
 大会
cooperate - v. to act or work together
 合作
court - n. where trials take place; where judges make decisions about law
 法院
crash - v. to fall violently; to hit with GREat force
 碰撞,坠毁
create - v. to make; to give life or form to
 创造
creature - n. any living being; any animal or human
 生物
credit - n. an aGREement that payments will be made at a later time
 信用
crew - n. a group of people working together
 全体人员
crime - n. an act that violates a law
 罪行
criminal - n. a person who is responsible for a crime
 罪犯
crisis - n. an extremely important time when something may become much better or
worse; a dangerous situation
 危机
criticize - v. to say what is wrong with something or someone; to condemn; to
judge
 批评
crowd - n. a large number of people gathered in one place
 人群
crush - v. to damage or destroy by GREat weight; to defeat completely
 压碎
curfew - n. an order to people to stay off the streets or to close their businesses
 戒严
current - n. movement of air, water or electricity
水流,电流 ; ad. belonging to the present time 目前的 ("She found the report in a current publication.")  
custom - n. a long-established belief or activity of a people
 习惯,风俗
customs - n. taxes on imports
 入关税

D
dam - n. a wall built across a river to hold back flowing water
大坝
damage - v. to cause injury or destruction
摧毁 ; n. harm; hurt or injury, usually to things 毁坏
deaf - ad. not able to hear
 聋的
debate - v. to argue for or against something; n. a public discussion or argument
 争论
debt - n. something that is owed; the condition of owing
 债务
declare - v. to say; to make a statement
 声明
decrease - v. to make less in size or amount
 降低
defeat - v. to cause to lose in a battle or struggle; n. a loss; the condition of having
lost
 打败
defend - v. to guard or fight against attack; to protect
防卫
deficit - n. a shortage that results when spending is GREater than earnings, or
imports are GREater than exports
 赤字
define - v. to give the meaning of; to explain
 定义
delay - v. to decide to do something at a later time; to postpone; to cause to be late
 延迟
delegate - n. one sent to act for another; one who represents another
 代表
demand - v. to ask by ordering; to ask with force
 要求
democracy - n. the system of government in which citizens vote to choose leaders or
to make other important decisions
 民主
demonstrate - v. to make a public show of opinions or feelings ("The crowd
demonstrated in support of human rights.")
示威 ; to explain by using examples ("The
teacher demonstrated the idea with an experiment.")
示范
denounce - v. to accuse of being wrong or evil; to criticize severely
 谴责
deny - v. to declare that something is not true; to refuse a request
 否认
depend - v. to need help and support
 依靠
deplore - v. to reGREt strongly; to express sadness
 表示悲痛
deploy - v. to move forces or weapons into positions for action
 部署(军队)
depression - n. severe unhappiness; a period of reduced business and economic
activity during which many people lose their jobs
 衰退
describe - v. to give a word picture of something; to give details of something
 描述
design - v. to plan or create plans for
 设计
desire - v. to want very much; to wish for
 愿望
destroy - v. to break into pieces; to end the existence of
 摧毁
develop - v. to grow; to create; to experience proGREss
 发展
device - n. a piece of equipment made for a special purpose
设备
dictator - n. a ruler with complete power
 独裁者
diet - n. usual daily food and drink
 日常饮食
diplomat - n. a person who represents his or her government in dealing with another
government
 外交官
direct - v. to lead; to aim or show the way
指引 ("He directed me to the theater."); ad.
straight to something; not through some other person or thing
直接的 ("The path is
direct.")
 
direction - n. the way (east, west, north, south); where someone or something came
from or went to
 方向
dirt - n. earth or soil
 泥土
disappear - v. to become unseen; to no longer exist
 消失
disarm - v. to take away weapons; to no longer keep weapons; to make a bomb
harmless by removing its exploding device
 解除武装
discuss - v. to talk about; to exchange ideas
 讨论
disease - n. a sickness in living things, often caused by viruses, germs or bacteria
 疾病
dismiss - v. to send away; to refuse to consider
 解散
dispute - v. to oppose strongly by argument; n. an angry debate
 争论
dissident - n. a person who strongly disaGREes with his or her government
 不同政见者
document - n. an official piece of paper with facts written on it, used as proof or
support of something
 文件
drown - v. to die under water
 溺水
drug - n. anything used as a medicine or in making medicine; a chemical substance
used to ease pain or to affect the mind
 药品
dust - n. pieces of matter so small that they can float in the air
灰尘
 
 
E
earn - v. to be paid in return for work done
 获得
earthquake - n. a sudden, violent shaking of the earth's surface
 地震
ease - v. to reduce; to make less difficult
减轻
ecology - n. the scientific study of the environment and links among living and
material things
 环境
economy - n. the system by which money, industry and trade are organized
经济
edge - n. the line where something ends or begins
边缘
effect - n. the result or change caused by something ("The storm had a serious
effect on the economy.")
效果
effort - n. an attempt; the work necessary to do something
努力
elect - v. to choose by voting
 选举
electricity - n. a form of energy that flows through wires to provide heat and light,
and power to machines
电力
embassy - n. the offices of an ambassador and his or her assistants
大使馆
emergency - n. an unexpected and dangerous situation demanding quick action
紧急情况
emotion - n. a strong feeling such as love, hate, fear or sadness
感情
employ - v. to give work in return for wages
 雇佣
energy - n. power used to do work, usually with machines; the ability and
willingness to be active
 能量
enforce - v. to make something be done
 强制执行
engine - n. a machine that uses energy to cause movement or to do work
引擎
engineer - n. a person who designs engines, machines, roads, bridges or railroads
   工程师
environment - n. all surrounding things, conditions and influences that affect life;
the natural world of land, sea, air, plants and animals
 环境
equal - ad. the same in amount, size, weight or value; having the same rights
 对等的
equipment - n. things, tools or machines needed for a purpose or activity
 设备
escape - v. to get free; to get away from; to get out of
 逃离
especially - ad. more than others ("We liked the food, especially the fish.")
 特别是
establish - v. to bring into existence; to create
建立
estimate - v. to form an opinion about a value, size or amount using less than
complete information
 估计
ethnic - ad. of or concerning people belonging to a large group because of their race,
religion, language, tribe or where their ancestors lived
种族的
evaporate - v. to change from a liquid into a gas
 蒸发
evidence - n. material or facts that prove something; a reason for believing
 证据
evil - ad. not good; extremely bad
 邪恶的
examine - v. to study closely
 审视,察看
exchange - v. to trade
交易 ; to give or receive one thing for another  交换
execute - v. to kill
 处死
exile - v. to force a person to leave his or her country; to expel
驱逐 ; n. a person who is
forced to leave his or her country
被驱逐者
exist - v. to be; to live
 存在
expand - v. to make larger; to grow larger
扩张
expect - v. to think or believe that something will happen; to wait for an event
期望
expel - v. to force out; to remove from; to send away
 驱逐,开除
experience - v. to live through an event, situation or condition
经历 ("She experienced
GREat pain."); n. something that one has done or lived through
经历 ("The experience
caused her GREat pain.")
 
experiment - v. to test
做实验 ; n. a test or trial carried out to prove if an idea is true or
false, or to discover something
 实验
expert - n. a person with special knowledge or training
 专家
explode - v. to break apart violently with a loud noise, like a bomb
爆炸
explore - v. to travel in a place that is not well known to learn more about it; to
make a careful search; to examine closely
探索
export - v. to send to another country
出口 ; n. something sent to another country, usually
for sale
出口商品
express - v. to say clearly
表达
extend - v. to stretch out in area or length
扩展 ; to continue for a longer time 延长
extreme - ad. more than the usual or accepted
 极端的
extremist - n. a person with strong religious or political beliefs who acts in an
extreme or violent way
极端主义者

F
fail - v. to not succeed; to not reach a goal
 失败
fair - ad. just; honest; what is right
 公正
federal - ad. of or having to do with a national or central government
联邦的
fertile - ad. rich in production of plants or animals; producing much
肥沃的,多产的
fierce - ad. extremely strong; violent; angry
 猛烈的
financial - ad. of or about the system that includes the use of money, credit,
investments and banks
 财政的
fine - n. a payment ordered by a court to punish someone for a crime
罚款 ; ad. very good 好的 ; very small or thin  细小的
fireworks - n. rockets producing bright fire in the sky, used in holiday celebrations
 鞭炮
firm - ad. not easily moved or changed ("She is firm in her opinion.")
 坚定的
fit - v. to be of the correct size or shape ("These shoes fit my feet.")
 适合
fix - v. to make good or right again
 修理
flee - v. to run away from
 逃跑
float - v. to be on water without sinking; to move or be moved gently on water or
through air
 飘浮
flood - v. to cover with water
淹没 ; n. the movement of water out of a river, lake or ocean
onto land
 水灾
flow - v. to move like a liquid
 流动
fluid - n. any substance that can flow, such as a liquid
液体
forgive - v. to pardon; to excuse; to remove guilt
 原谅
former - ad. earlier in time; not now
 前任的
forward - ad. the direction in front of; toward the front
向前的
freedom - n. the condition of being free
 自由
freeze - v. to cause or to become very cold; to make or to become hard by cold
 冰冻
fresh - ad. newly made or gathered; recent
 清新的
frighten - v. to cause GREat fear
 使惊吓
fuel - n. any substance burned to create heat or power
燃料
funeral - n. a ceremony held in connection with the burial or burning of the dead
 葬礼

G
gain - v. to get possession of; to get more; to increase
获得
gas - n. any substance that is not solid or liquid; any substance that burns to provide
heat, light or power
 气体
gather - v. to bring or come together into a group or place
集合 ; to collect 收集
govern - v. to control; to rule by military or political power
 统治
government - n. a system of governing; the organization of people that rules a
country, city or area
 政府
grain - n. the seed of grass plants used for food, such as wheat, rice and corn; those
plants that produce the seeds
 谷类
gray - ad. having the color like that made by mixing black and white
 灰色的
grind - v. to reduce to small pieces by crushing
 磨碎
guarantee - v. to promise a result; to promise that something will happen
保证
guerrilla - n. a person who fights as part of an unofficial army, usually against an
official army or police
 游击队
guilty - ad. having done something wrong or in violation of a law; responsible for a
bad action
 有罪的

H
halt - v. to come or cause to come to a stop; to stop
 停止
headquarters - n. the center from which orders are given; the main offices of a
business or organization
 司令部
health - n. the general condition of the body and mind; the condition of being free
from sickness or disease
 健康
helicopter - n. a machine without wings that can fly up or down or remain in one
place above the ground
 直升机
hijack - v. to seize or take control of a vehicle by force
绑架
holy - ad. GREatly honored in religion
 神圣的
honor - v. to obey; to show strong, good feelings for
尊敬 ("to honor one's parents"); n.
an award; an act of giving special recognition
尊敬 ("He received many honors for his
efforts to help others.")
 
horrible - ad. causing GREat fear; terrible
可怕的
hostage - n. a person captured and held as a guarantee that a demand or promise
will be honored
 人质
hostile - ad. ready to fight; ready for war
敌对的 

I

identify - v. to recognize someone or something and to say who or what they are
 识别
illegal - ad. not legal; in violation of a law
 非法的
imagine - v. to make a picture in the mind; to form an idea
 想象
import - v. to bring from another country
进口 ; n. something brought from another
country, usually for sale
 进口商品
improve - v. to make better; to become better
 提高
incident - n. an event or something that happens
 事故
incite - v. to urge or cause an action or emotion, usually something bad or violent
 煽动
increase - v. to make more in size or amount
 增加
independent - ad. not influenced by or controlled by another or others; free;
separate
 独立的
individual - n. one person
 个人
industry - n. any business that produces goods or provides services; the work and
related activity in factories and offices; all organizations involved in manufacturing
    工业,产业,行业
infect - v. to make sick with something that causes disease
 传染
inflation - n. a continuing rise in prices while the value of money goes down
 通货膨胀
influence - v. to have an effect on someone or something; to cause change
 影响
inform - v. to tell; to give knowledge to
 告知
inject - v. to force a fluid into, such as putting medicine or drugs into the body
through the skin
 注射
injure - v. to cause harm or damage to a person or animal
 伤害
innocent - ad. not guilty of a crime; not responsible for a bad action
 无辜的
insane - ad. mentally sick
 患精神病的
inspect - v. to look at something carefully; to examine, especially by an expert
 视察
instrument - n. a tool or device designed to do something or to make something
 器械
insult - v. to say something or to do something that makes another person angry or
dishonored
 侮辱
intelligence - n. the ability to think or learn; information gathered by spying
 智慧
intelligent - ad. quick to understand or learn
 有才智的
intense - ad. very strong; extremely serious
 剧烈的
interest - n. what is important to someone
利益 ("He acted to protect his interests." "She
had a GREat interest in painting."); a share in owning a business; money paid for the
use of money borrowed
 利息
interfere - v. to get in the way of; to work against; to take part in the activities of
others, especially when not asked to do so
 干涉
intervene - v. to come between; to come between in order to settle or solve
 干预,介入
invade - v. to enter an area or country by force with an army
 侵略
invest - v. to give money to a business or organization with the hope of making
more money
 投资
investigate - v. to study or examine all information about an event, situation or
charge; to search for the truth
 调查,研究
involve - v. to take part in; to become a part of; to include
 包括
issue - n. an important problem or subject that people are discussing or arguing
about
 事件

J
jail - n. a prison for those waiting to be tried for a crime or for those serving sentences
 
for crimes that are not serious
监狱
joint - ad. shared by two or more
 共同的
jury - n. a group of people chosen to decide what is true in a trial
 陪审团
just - ad. only ("Help me for just a minute."); very shortly before or after the
present ("He just left.")
刚才 ; at the same time 同时 ("He left just as I came in."); what is
right or fair
公正的 ("The law is just, in my opinion.")

K
kidnap - v. to seize and take away by force
 绑架
knowledge - n. that which is known; learning or understanding
知识

L
labor - n. work; workers as a group
劳动力
laboratory - n. a room or place where experiments in science are done
实验室
lack - v. to be without; n. the condition of needing, wanting or not having
 缺乏
launch - v. to put into operation; to begin
开办 ; to send into the air or space 发射
leak - v. to come out of or to escape through a small opening or hole (usually a gas
or liquid)
 漏
legal - ad. of or in aGREement with the law
 合法的
legislature - n. a government lawmaking group
 立法机构
liberal - ad. one who usually supports social proGREss or change
 自由主义的
lightning - n. light produced by electricity in the air, usually during a storm
 闪电
link - v. to connect; to unite one thing or event with another; n. a relation between
two or more things, situations or events
 联系
literature - n. all the poems, stories and writings of a period of time or of a country
 文学
load - v. to put objects on or into a vehicle or container
装载 . that which is carried 负荷
loan - n. money borrowed that usually must be returned with interest payments;
借款
local - ad. about or having to do with one place
本地的
loyal - ad. showing strong friendship and support for someone or something
 忠诚的

M
majority - n. the GREater number; more than half
 多数
manufacture - v. to make goods in large amounts
 制造
march - v. to walk in a group like soldiers; to walk together in a large group to
protest about something
 游行
market - n. a place or area where goods are sold, bought or traded; an economic
system in which the prices of things are decided by how many there are and how
much money people are willing to pay for them
 市场
mass - n. an amount of matter having no special form and usually of a large size
大量事物
mate - v. to bring together a male and a female to create another creature
 使配对
mathematics - n. the science dealing with amounts, sizes and shapes, as explained
by numbers and signs
 数学
mayor - n. the chief official of a city or town government
 市长
measure - v. to learn the amount, size or distance of something
测量 . an action taken 措施  a legislative proposal 议案
media - n. all public information organizations, including newspapers, television and
radio
 媒体
melt - v. to make a solid into a liquid by heating it
 融化
member - n. one of a group
 成员
memorial - n. something done or made to honor the memory of a person or event
 纪念的
mental - ad. about or having to do with the mind
 精神的
mercy - n. kindness toward those who should be punished; the power to be kind or
to pardon
 仁慈
message - n. written or spoken news or information; a note from one person to
another person or group
 消息
metal - n. a hard substance such as iron, steel or gold
金属
method - n. the way something is done
 方法
microscope - n. a device used to make very small things look larger so they can be
studied
 显微镜
militant - n. someone active in trying to cause political change, often by the use of
force or violence
 斗士
military - n. the armed forces of a nation or group; ad. of or about the armed forces
 军方
mineral - n. a substance found in nature that is not an animal or a plant, such as coal
or salt
 矿物
minister - n. a member of a cabinet; a high government official ("prime minister,"
"foreign minister")
 部长
minor - ad. small in size; of little importance
 少数的
minority - n. the smaller number; opposite majority
 少数
missile - n. any weapon that can be thrown or fired through the air and explodes
when it reaches its target
 导弹
missing - ad. lost; not found
 遗失的
mob - n. a large group of wild or angry people
 暴徒
moderate - ad. not extreme
 温和的
moral - ad. concerning what is right or wrong in someone's actions
 道德的
motion - n. a movement; a continuing change of position or place
 运动,动作
mourn - v. to express or feel sadness
 哀悼
mystery - n. something that is not or cannot be explained or understood; a secret
    神秘事物
 
N
natural - ad. of or about nature; normal; common to its kind
 自然的
navy - n. the part of a country's military force trained to fight at sea
 海军
negotiate - v. to talk about a problem or situation to find a common solution
 商议
neutral - ad. not supporting one side or the other in a dispute
  中立的
nominate - v. to name someone as a candidate for an election; to propose a person
for an office or position
  提名
nowhere - ad. not in, to or at any place
到处都没有
nuclear - ad. of or about the energy produced by splitting atoms or bringing them
together; of or about weapons that explode by using energy from atoms
核的

O
obey - v. to act as one is ordered to act
遵从
object - v. to show that one does not like or approve; to protest
反对 ; n. something not
alive that can be seen or touched
 物体
observe - v. to watch; to look at carefully; to celebrate or honor something ("They
will observe the anniversary of the day she was born.")
 观察
occupy - v. to take and hold or to control by force
 占领
offensive - n. a military campaign of attack
攻击 ; ad. having to do with attacking 攻击性的
offer - v. to present or propose
提供 ; n. the act of presenting or proposing 提议 ; that which is presented or proposed  提供物
officer - n. a person in the military who commands others; any person who is a
member of a police force
 武官
official - n. a person with power in an orgaization; a representative of an
organization or government; ad. of or about an office; approved by the government
or someone in power
 文官
operate - v. to do work or a job
执行 ; to cut into the body for medical reasons 手术
opinion - n. a belief based on one's own ideas and thinking
 意见
oppose - v. to be against; to fight against
 反对
opposite - ad. different as possible; completely different from ; exactly the other way
("North is the opposite direction from south.")
 相反的
oppress - v. to make others suffer; to control by the use of unjust and cruel force or
power
压迫
orbit - v. to travel in space around a planet or other object
绕轨道而行 ; n. the path or way an object travels in space around another object or planet  轨道
oust - v. to force to leave; to remove by force
 剥夺
overthrow - v. to remove from power; to defeat or end by force
 推翻
owe - v. to pay or have to repay (usually money) in return for something received
 欠

P
parachute - n. a device that permits a person or thing to fall slowly from an airplane
or helicopter to the ground
 降落伞
parade - n. a group of people and vehicles moving together to celebrate a special
event or anniversary
 游行
parliament - n. a government lawmaking group
议会
passport - n. a document permitting a person to travel to another country
 护照
patient - n. a person being treated by a doctor for a health problem
 病人
peace - n. the condition of freedom from war, fighting or noise; rest; quiet
和平 
perform - v. to speak, dance or sing in front of others
 表演
permanent - ad. never changing; lasting for a very long time or for all time
永久的
permit - v. to let; to make possible
 允许
physical - ad. of the body
 身体的
physics - n. the study of motion, matter and energy
物理
pilot - n. one who guides or flies an airplane or helicopter
 飞行员
planet - n. a large object in space that orbits the sun ("Earth is a planet.")
 行星
plot - v. to make secret plans
密谋 ; n. a secret plan to do something wrong or illegal 阴谋
poem - n. words and their sounds organized in a special way to express emotions

point - v. to aim one's finger toward; to aim
指向 ; n. the sharp end of something 尖端 
policy - n. an established set of plans or goals used to develop and make decisions
in politics, economics or business
 制度
politics - n. the activities of government and of those who are in public office
 政治
pollute - v. to release dangerous or unpleasant substances into the air, soil or water
污染
popular - ad. liked by many people; generally approved by the public
 流行的,受欢迎的
port - n. a city where ships load or unload goods; a place on a coast where ships can
be safe from a storm
 港口
position - n. a place; the way of holding the body; the way a thing is set or placed; a
job (or level of a job) in an organization
 位置
possess - v. to have; to own; to control or be controlled by
 拥有
postpone - v. to delay action until a later time
 拖延
pour - v. to flow; to cause to flow
 倾泻
praise - v. to say good things about; to approve
 赞扬
pray - v. to make a request to a god or spirit; to praise a god or spirit
祈祷
pregnant - ad. carrying a child within the body before it is born; expecting to give
birth to a baby
 怀孕的
present - v. to offer for consideration
表明 ("We will present our idea to the
committee."); n. a gift
礼物 ("I gave them a present for their anniversary."); now ("The
present time is a good time."); ad. to be at a place
出席的 ("I was present at school
yesterday.")
 
press - v. to urge strongly
逼迫 ; n. newspapers, magazines and other publications 出版
pressure - n. the force produced when something is pushed down or against
something else
 压力
prevent - v. to keep or stop from going or happening
 阻止
private - ad. of or about a person or group that is secret; opposite public
私人的
prize - n. something offered or won in a competition; something of value that one
must work hard for to get
 奖项
process - n. an operation or series of changes leading to a desired result
 过程
produce - v. to make; to create; to cause something to be; to manufacture
 生产
profession - n. a job that requires special training
 职业
profit - n. money gained from a business activity after paying all costs of that
activity
 利润
proGREss - n. movement forward or toward improvement or a goal
发展
project - n. a planned effort to do something
 项目
propaganda - n. ideas or information used to influence opinions
 
property - n. anything owned by someone such as land, buildings or goods
财产
propose - v. to present or offer for consideration
建议
protest - v. to speak against; to object
抗议
prove - v. to show to be true
 证实
publication - n. something that is published such as a book, newspaper or magazine
   出版物
publish - v. to make public something that is written; to include something in a
book, newspaper or magazine
 出版
pull - v. to use force to move something toward the person or thing using the force;
opposite push
 拉
pump - v. to force a gas or liquid up, into or through
 抽吸
punish - v. to cause pain, suffering or loss for doing something bad or illegal
 惩罚
purchase - v. to buy with money or with something of equal value; n. that which is
bought
 购买
pure - ad. free from anything that is different or that reduces value; clean
 纯的
purpose - n. the reason or desired effect for doing something; goal
目标
push - v. to use force to move something away from the person or thing using the
force; opposite pull
 推

Q
quality - n. that which something is known to have or be ("An important quality of steel
 
is its strength."); amount of value or excellence ("Their goods are of the highest quality.")
质量

R
race - v. to run; to take part in a competition to decide who or what can move fastest
竞赛 ; n. one of the major groups that humans can be divided into because of a common physical similarity, such as skin color 种族
radar - n. a device that uses radio signals to learn the position or speed of objects
that may be too far away to be seen
 雷达
radiation - n. waves of energy from something that produces heat or light; energy
from a nuclear substance, which can be dangerous
 辐射
raid - v. to make a sudden attack
袭击 ; n. a sudden attack carried out as an act of war, or
for the purpose of seizing or stealing something
突袭
realistic - ad. in aGREement with the way things are
 现实的
reasonable - ad. ready to listen to reasons or ideas; not extreme; ready or willing to
compromise
 合理的
rebel - v. to act against a government or power, often with force; to refuse to obey
反抗 ;
n. one who opposes or fights against the government of his or her country
造反者
recession - n. a temporary reduction in economic activity, when industries produce
less and many workers lose their jobs
衰退
recognize - v. to know or remember something or someone that was known, known
about or seen before
识别 ; to accept another nation as independent and establish
diplomatic ties with its government
承认
reform - v. to make better by changing; to improve; n. a change to a better
condition
 改革
refugee - n. a person who has been forced to flee because of unjust treatment,
danger or war
 难民
reject - v. to refuse to accept, use or believe
 反对
relations - n. understandings or ties between nations; members of the same family;
people connected by marriage or family ties
 关系
release - v. to free; to permit to go
释放 ; to permit to be known or made public 发布
religion - n. a belief in, or the honoring of, a god or gods
 宗教
remain - v. to stay in a place after others leave; to stay the same
保留
remains - n. a dead body
 遗体
report - v. to tell about; to give the results of a study or investigation
报道 ; n. the story
about an event; the results of a study or investigation; a statement in which the
facts may not be confirmed
 报道
represent - v. to act in the place of someone else; to substitute for; to serve as an
example
 代表
repress - v. to control or to restrict freedoms by force
 压制
request - v. to ask for; n. the act of asking for
 要求
require - v. to need or demand as necessary
 需要
rescue - v. to free from danger or evil
 拯救
research - n. a careful study to discover correct information
 研究
resign - v. to leave a position, job or office
 辞职
resist - v. to oppose
反对 ; to fight to prevent 反抗
resolution - n. an official statement of aGREement by a group of people, usually
reached by voting
 决议
resource - n. anything of value that can be used or sold
 资源
responsible - ad. having a duty or job to do ("He is responsible for preparing the
report."); being the cause of ("They were responsible for the accident.")
 有责任的
restrain - v. to keep controlled; to limit action by a person or group
 抑制
restrict - v. to limit; to prevent from increasing or becoming larger
 限制
revolt - v. to protest violently; to fight for a change, especially of government
 反抗
riot - v. to act with many others in a violent way in a public place
骚乱 ; n. a violent action
by a large group of people
 暴乱 
risk - n. the chance of loss, damage or injury
 风险
rob - v. to take money or property secretly or by force; to steal
 抢夺
rocket - n. a device shaped like a tube that moves through air or space by burning
gases and letting them escape from the back or bottom, sometimes used as a
weapon
 火箭,导弹
rub - v. to move something over the surface of another thing
 摩擦
ruin - v. to damage severely; to destroy
 毁坏
rule - v. to govern or control; to decide
统治 ; n. a statement or an order that says how
something must be done
 规则

S
sabotage - v. to damage or destroy as an act against an organization or nation
 
("The rebels sabotaged the railroad.")
sacrifice - v. to do without something or to suffer a loss for a belief, idea, goal or
another person
 牺牲
satellite - n. a small object in space that moves around a larger object; an object
placed in orbit around the earth
 卫星
satisfy - v. to give or provide what is desired, needed or demanded
使满意
security - n. freedom from danger or harm; protection; measures necessary to
protect a person or place ("Security was increased in the city.")
 安全
Senate - n. the smaller of the two groups in the governments of some countries,
such as in the United States ConGREss
 参议院 
severe - ad. not gentle; causing much pain, sadness or damage
  严重的
shell - v. to fire artillery
炮轰 ; n. a metal container that is fired from a large gun and
explodes when it reaches its target; a hard outside cover
 炮弹
shelter - v. to protect or give protection to
庇护 ; n. something that gives protection; a
place of safety
 庇护所
shrink - v. to make or become less in size, weight or value
 缩减
skeleton - n. all the bones of a human or other animal together in their normal
positions
 骷髅
slide - v. to move smoothly over a surface
 滑行
smash - v. to break or be broken into small pieces by force; to hit or move with
force
  打碎
spill - v. to cause or permit liquid to flow out, usually by accident
 溢出
spirit - n. the part of a human that is not physical and is connected to thoughts and
emotions; the part of a person that is believed to remain alive after death
 精神
split - v. to separate into two or more parts; to divide or break into parts
 分裂
spy - v. to steal or get information secretly
侦察 ; n. one who watches others secretly; a
person employed by a government to get secret information about another country
间谍
square - n. a flat shape having four equal sides
 四方型
stab - v. to cut or push into or through with a pointed weapon
刺伤
starve - v. to suffer or die from a lack of food
挨饿
statue - n. a form of a human, animal or other creature usually made of stone, wood
or metal
 塑像
storm - n. violent weather, including strong winds and rain or snow
 风暴
straight - ad. continuing in one direction without turns
 直接的
stretch - v. to extend for a distance; to pull on to make longer or wider
伸展
strike - v. to hit with force; to stop work as a way to seek better conditions, more
pay or to make other demands
 罢工
structure - n. the way something is built, made or organized; a system that is
formed or organized in a special way; a building
 结构
struggle - v. to try with much effort; to fight with
挣扎 ; n. a GREat effort; a fight 奋斗
submarine - n. an underwater ship
 潜艇
substance - n. the material of which something is made (a solid, liquid or gas)
 物质
substitute - v. to put or use in place of another
替换 ; n. a person or thing put or used in
place of another
 替换者(品)
subversion - n. an attempt to weaken or destroy a political system or government,
usually secretly
 颠覆
succeed - v. to reach a goal or thing desired; to produce a planned result
成功
suffer - v. to feel pain in the body or mind; to receive or experience hurt or sadness
受苦
suggest - v. to offer or propose something to think about or consider
 建议
supervise - v. to direct and observe the work of others
 监督
supply - v. to give; to provide
供给 ; n. the amount of something that can be given or sold
to others
 供给品
support - v. to carry the weight of; to hold up or in position; to aGREe with others
and help them reach a goal; to approve
支持
suppose - v. to believe, think or imagine
假设 ("I suppose you are right."); to expect ("It
is supposed to rain tonight.")
 
suppress - v. to put down or to keep down by force; to prevent information from
being known publicly
 压制
surplus - n. an amount that is more than is needed; extra; ("That country has a trade
surplus. It exports more than it imports.")
 过剩
surrender - v. to give control of oneself or one's property to another or others; to
stop fighting and admit defeat
 投降
survive - v. to remain alive during or after a dangerous situation
 幸存
suspect - v. to imagine or believe that a person is guilty of something bad or illegal
怀疑 ;
n. a person believed to be guilty
 嫌疑犯
suspend - v. to cause to stop for a period of time
 延缓
swallow - v. to take into the stomach through the mouth
吞咽
swear in - v. to put an official into office by having him or her promise to carry out
the duties of that office
宣誓就职 ("The chief justice will swear in the president.")  
sympathy - n. a sharing of feelings or emotions with another person, usually feelings
of sadness
 同情
 
T
tax - n. the money a person or business must pay to the government so the
government can provide services
 税
technical - ad. involving machines, processes and materials in industry,
transportation and communications; of or about a very special kind of subject or
thing
技术的 ("You need technical knowledge to understand how this system works.")  
technology - n. the use of scientific knowledge and methods to produce goods and
services
 技术
telescope - n. a device for making objects that are far away appear closer and larger
  望远镜
temporary - ad. lasting only a short time
 暂时的
tense - ad. having fear or concern; dangerous; opposite calm
 紧张的
territory - n. a large area of land
 领地
terror - n. extreme fear; that which causes GREat fear
恐怖行动
terrorist - n. a person who carries out acts of extreme violence as a protest or a way
to influence a government
  恐怖主义者
theory - n. a possible explanation of why something exists or how something
happens using experiments or ideas, but which is not yet proven
理论 ("Other scientists
are debating his theory about the disappearance of dinosaurs.")
threaten - v. to warn that one will do harm or cause damage
 威胁
torture - v. to cause severe pain
折磨 ; n. the act of causing severe pain in order to harm, to punish or to get information from  折磨,拷打
trade - v. to buy and sell or exchange products or services
交易 ; n. the activity of buying,
selling or exchanging products or services
 贸易
tradition - n. a ceremony, activity or belief that has existed for a long time
 传统
traffic - n. the movement of people, vehicles or ships along a street, road or
waterway
 交通
tragic - ad. extremely sad; terrible
 悲剧的
transport - v. to move goods or people from one place to another
 运输
transportation - n. the act or business of moving goods or people
 交通
treason - n. the act of fighting against one's own country or of helping its enemies
 叛国罪
treasure - n. a large collection of money, jewels or other things of GREat value
财宝
treaty - n. a written aGREement between two or more nations
 协定
trial - n. an examination in a court of a question or dispute to decide if a charge is
true
 审判
tribe - n. a group of families ruled by a common chief or leader
 部族
trick - v. to cheat; to fool a person so as to get something or make him or her do
something
 诡计
troops - n. a number of soldiers in a large controlled group
军队
truce - n. a temporary halt in fighting aGREed to by all sides involved
休战 
tube - n. a long, round structure through which liquids or gases can flow; a long,
thin container in which they can be kept
 管道

U
unite - v. to join together
 联合
universe - n. all of space, including planets and stars
宇宙
unless - conj. except if it happens; on condition that ("I will not go, unless the rain
stops.")
除非
urge - v. to advise strongly; to make a GREat effort to get someone to do something
敦促
urgent - ad. needing an immediate decision or action
 紧急的

V
valley - n. a long area of land between higher areas of land
山谷
value - n. the quality of being useful, important or desired; the amount of money
that could be received if something is sold
 价值
vehicle - n. anything on or in which a person or thing can travel or be transported,
especially anything on wheels; a car or truck
 交通工具
version - n. the form of something with different details than earlier or later forms
版本
veto - v. to reject or refuse to approve
 否决
vicious - ad. bad; dangerous; showing harm or hate
 恶意的
victim - n. someone or something that is injured, killed or made to suffer; someone
who is tricked
 牺牲品
violate - v. to fail to obey or honor; to break (an aGREement)
 违反
violence - n. the use of force to cause injury, death or damage
 暴力
volcano - n. a hill or mountain around a hole in the earth's surface that can explode,
sending hot, melted rock and ash into the air
 火山
vote - v. to choose a candidate in an election
选举 ; n. a choice or decision expressed by
the voice, by hand or by writing
选举
 
W
wages - n. money received for work done
工资
warn - v. to tell of possible danger; to advise or inform about something bad that
may happen
 警告
wealth - n. a large amount of possessions, money or other things of value
财富
wheat - n. a grain used to make bread; the plant that produces the grain
 小麦
willing - ad. being ready or having a desire to ("They are willing to talk about the
problem.")
 心甘情愿的
withdraw - v. to take or move out, away or back; to remove
撤退
wonder - v. to ask oneself; to question
想知道 ("She wonders if it is true."); n. a feeling of
surprise
 惊奇
wreck - v. to damage GREatly; to destroy
毁坏 ; n. anything that has been badly damaged
or broken
毁灭
wreckage - n. what remains of something severely damaged or destroyed
残骸
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