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阅读内容

[初三] 竞赛真题阅读二则实例精讲

[日期:2007-04-28]   [字体: ]

阅读理解(Reading comprehension)(共30小题,计30分)

阅读下列A、B两篇短文,然后完成文后各题。21—30小题为选择题,每题只有一个答案是正确的。

(A)

There are usually three school terms in Britain:autumn,spring and summer terms.

The schools usually have a five-day holiday halfway in each term.Sometimes the schools take their pupils on trips at half-term.

Holidays can be different in different places.The schools usually have ten days at Christmas,ten days at Easter and six weeks in summer from the end of July to the beginning of September.

Students can eat lunch in the school dining-room.In recent years more and more students have brought their own lunch(packed lunch). They don't like eating in the dining-room.All pupils enjoy talking about how bad school food is.

21.The half term holidays for the students in Britain are usually        days in a year.

A.five B.ten C.fifteen D.twenty

选C。根据第一段的第一句,说英国学校每年分“春、夏、秋”三个 学期,和第二段第一句:“The schools usually have a five-day holiday half- way in each term.”,可知英国学校每年有十五天的halfway holiday。

22.How long is the summer holidays?          

A.One month and a half B.Ten days

C.Sixteen weeks D.Twenty days

选A。根据第二段末尾的“...six weeks in summer from the end of...”可推测出此答案,six weeks相当于one month and a half。

23.The students don't like having lunch in the school dining room  recently because         

A.they are on holidays B.the food is not delicious

C.they are too busy D.the teachers don't like it

选B。根据第三段末尾“All pupils enjoy talking about how bad school food is.”可知学生们都不喜欢吃学校的饭菜,其余三个选项对正确答案干扰并不大。

(B)

This dictionary tells you about English words and how to use them in reading,writing and speaking English.It not only gives the meaning of words,it can also help you with spelling,word-building,grammar and pronunciation.

To use your dictionary correctly,you need to understand how the dictionary works.At the front of the book,you will find some exercises to help you make the most use of your dictionary.

If you look up the word“colour”,you will find two spellings for this word.“Colour”is used in British English,while“color”is used in American English.When there are differences between British and American spelling,the dictionary shows it with the word“BrE”for British English and“AmE”for American English.

The dictionary also helps you pronounce words correctly.We use a special alphabet(特殊字母表)to show pronunciation.If you turn to the inside back face,you will see all the phonetic letters(音标)with some words to show you how they are pronounced.Just look at the inside back cover when you're not sure how to say a word.

The most important reason for using a dictionary is to find out the meaning of a word—its DEFINITION.

In this dictionary,the definitions have been written using only 2000 words.This means that the definitions of even the most difficult words are simply explained(简单解释)and easy to understand.

When a word has more than one meaning,read all the meanings until you find the one that correctly tells the use of the word you are looking for.

Most of the words in this dictionary can be used by people in all parts of the world.

24.This dictionary cannot help you with         

A.singing B.grammar C.spelling D.pronunciation

选A。选择此题可用“排除法”,B、C、D三项在文中都提到过,只有A项的singing未提及,故选A。

25.         of the words in the dictionary have two spellings.

A.All B.One C.Few D.Some

选D。字典中有相当一部分词由英美两种拼法,所以用all,one, few都不对。

26.The AmE spelling of the Chinese word“颜色”in this dictionary is         

A.colour B.colar C.color D.corner

选C。文中提到color是美国英语的拼法。

27.The phonetic alphabet helps you          each word correctly.

A.understand B.write C.say D.know

选C。文中提到“音标列表”是帮助读出正确发音的,C项say在此处做“pronounce”解。

28.The Chinese meaning of“definition”here is         

A.词性B词条C词义D词库

选C。文中的definition是指词的定义,文中第五段“The most important reason for using a dictionary is to find out the meaning of a word—its DEFINITION.”解释了definition的含义。

29.How many words are there in this dictionary?        

A.Two thousand B.One thousand

C.One hundred D.We don't know

选D。文中并未提到这本字典一共有多少个单词,所以选“We don't know.”。

30.The dictionary explains         

A.some of the difficult words B.all the words in a simple way

C.all the easy words D.the words of two meanings

选B。根据第六段中的“...This means that the definitions of even the most difficult words are simply explained.”说明了该词典的介绍词的方式,即“The dictionary explains all the words in a simple way.”。

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