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2017年高考英语模拟考试题及答案7

[日期:2019-06-25]   [字体: ]

类型信息点。
3.所有答案必须在答题卡上指定区域内作答,考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回.
第一部分
第一大题英语知识运用(共三节,满分50分)
第一节  语音知识(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)
从A、B、C、D四个选项中,找出其划线部分与所给单词的划线部分读音相同的选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
例:have
A.gave         B.save         C.hat          D.made
答案是C。
1.honest
A.host         B.hour         C.habit          D.husband
2.occur
A.ocean        B.possible      C.position       D.offer
3.enough
A.touch        B.mouth        C.soul          D.shout
4.wear
A.near         B.require        C.chcer         D.share
5.watched
A.judged       B.worked        C.refused       D.wanted
第二节 语法和词汇知识(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
例:We________last night,but se went to the concert instead.
A.must have studied             B.might study
C.should have studied            D.would study
答案是C。
6. I used to earn_______than a pound a week when I first started work.
A.a little                       B.a few
C.fewer                        D.less
7. —You look very tired_______at all last night?
—No,not really.I’m stired out now.
A.Do you sleep                   B.Were you sleeping
C.Did you sleep                   D.Had you slept
8.She as educated at Bejing University,________She went on to have her advanced study abroad.
A..after which                    B.from which
C.from that                       D.after that
9.His plan was such a good one_________we all aGREad to accept it.
A.so             B.and         C.that           D.as
10.My sister was against my suggcestion while my brother was_________it.
A.in favout of                 B.in memory of
C.in honour of                 D.in searvh of
11. —I’m terribly sorry that I made  your table cloth dirty.
   —___________.
A.Never mind                 B.Don’t mention it
C.That’s right                 D.Sorry
12.The construetion of the two new railway   lines__________by now.
A.has completed              B.have completed
C.have been completed         D.has been completed
13.It is difficult to imagine his________the decision without any consideration.
A.accept                     B.accepting
C.to  accept                  D.accepted
14.With no one to________in such a frightening situation,she felt very helpless.
A.turn to                     B.turn on
C.turn off                     C.turn over
15.According to_________World Health Organization,health care plans are needed in  all big cities to prevent_________spread of AIDS.
A.the;不填          B.the;the
C.a;a                         D.不填;the
16.Only then___________how much damage had been caused.
A.she realized                 B.she had realized
C.had she realized              D.did she realize
17.Faced with a bill for $ 10,000,________.
A.John has taken an extra job
B.the boss has given john an extra job
C.an extra job has been taken
D.an extra job has been given to John
18. He hurried to the booking office only_________that all the tickets had been sold out.
A.to tell                      B.to be told
C.telling                      D.told
19.As you worked late yesterday,you_________have come this morning.
A.mayn’t          B.can’t       C.mustn’t        D.needn’t
20.This is a very interesting book.I’ll buy it,+__________.
A.how much may it cost           B.no matter how it may cost
C.however much it may cost       D.how may it cost
第三节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
The child in the hospital bed was just waking up after having a throat(喉咙) operation.His throat  21  ,and he was afraid.However.the young nurse  22  By his bed  smiled so  23  hat the little boy smiled back.He  24  to be afraid.The young  nurse  was  May Paxton  25   e was deaf (聋的).May Paxton graduated  26   the Missouri School for the Deaf near the year 1909.Three years   27  she went to see Dr.Richard son about   28  nurse.Dr Richardson was one of the founders of  Mercy Hospital of Kansas City.  29  had never heard of a deaf nurse.She told May that her  30  would be very low and that the work would be   31   . However,May said that hard work did  not frighten her.Dr. Richardson was  32  her,and accepted May as a student nurse.
Dr.Richardson never  33  her decision  34  ,she was so pleased with May’s work that she later accepted two other deaf women as student nurses.The  35  was Miss Marian Finch,who was hard of  36  .The second was Miss Lillie Bessie.These three were   37  “the silent angles(天使) of Mercy Hospital”during the  38  they worked there.
Dr.Richardson often  39  her faith in the girls’ ability to learn nursing.She wrore to May,“For three years,you have been with us… It is wonderful to me that no man.  40   or child ever,to my knowledge,made a complaint(投诉) against you…”
21.A.cut          B.burt           C.wounded         D.darnaged
22.A.standing      B.jurnping       C.lying            D.crying
23.A.shyly        B sadly          C.cheerfully        D.weakly
24.A.continued     B.began         C.stopped          D.forgot
25.A.for           B.so            C.and             D.but
26.A.as            B.from          C.with            D.in
27.A.later          B.before         C.ago             D.then
28.A.seeking        B.changing       C.hiring          D.becoming
29.A.You           B.She           C.We             D.He
30.A.money         B.check         C .pay            D.price
31.A.easy           B.disappointing   C.joyful          D.difficult
32.A.angry with      B.sagtisfied with   C.sorry for       D.ashamed of
33.A.reGREtted       B.thought of       C.liked          D.believed
34.A.In fact         B.In a hurry        C.In surprise     D.In public
35.A.one            B.others           C.first          D.other
36.A.reading         B.hearing           C.listening      D.writing
37.A.offered          B.chosen           C.told          D.called
38.A.year             B.month           C.time         D.term
39.A.spoke of          B.said             C.heard of      D.noticed
40.A.person           B.wornan           C.boy          D.girl
第二大题  阅读理解(共25小题。第一节每小题2分,第二节每小题1分;满分45分)
第一节  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
For centuries,the only form of written correspondence (通信)was the letters were,and are,sent by some form of postal service,the history of which goes back a long way .indeed,the egyptians began sending letters from about 2000 BC,as did the Chinese a thousand years later.
   Of course,modern postal service now are march more developed and faster.depending as they do on cars and planes fore delivery.Yet they are stell too slow for some people to send urgent documents (紧急文件)and letters.
   The invention of the fax (传真) machine increased the speed of delivering documents even more.When you send a fax you are sending a copy of a piece of correspondence to someone by telephone service.It was not until the early 1980s that such a service was developed enough for bussinesses to be able to fax documents to each other.
   The fax service is still very much in use when copies of documents require to be sent ,but,as a way of fast correspondence,it has been largely taken the place of by email ,Email is used to describe messages sent form one computer user to another.
   There are advantages and disadvantages with emails.ifyou send some one an email ,then he will receive it extremely quickly .Normal postal services are rather slow as far as speed of delivery is concerned.
However,if you write something by email,which you might later reGREt ,and send it immediately,there is no chance for second thoughts.at least,if you are have to address and seal(封)the envelope and take it to the post box..there is plenty of time to change your mind .The message is think before you email!
41.We can learn from the tex that__________.
A. email is less popular than the fax service   
B. the postal service has over the years become faster
C. the postal service has over the years become slower
D. the fax service has a history as long as the postal service does
42.It can be inferred from the text that_________.
A. the fax service had been fully developed by the 1980s
B. letters have been used in China for about 1,000 years
C. the fax machine was invented after the 1980s
D. letters have been used in Egypt for about 2,000 years
43.In the last paragraph,the wrin intentings think before you email”to show then________.
A.you may reGREt if you than’t your envelope
B.you may reGRE l before you send something by email
C.you’d better  not send your email in a hurry
D.you regrse before you on time to send an email
44.The text madtry deal with_________.
A.the  proGREss in correspondence
B.the advantage of fax machines
C.the advantage of emails
D.the invention of fas machines
B
LONDON Thursday Just Read—Eddy missed his girlfriend so made he flew back to Britain from Austrahe to propose(求婚) to her.The pooblem is she did the same in the opposite diffion.
He and Anna crea manaed to miss each other when the the same airporr waiting room in Singaoore at he same time to wait for connecting mghrs.
Anna,heartbrok,when she arrived at Eddy’s Sydney flat lind he had flow to London,told times,“It was as though someone was playing a cruel joke on. ”
“He is the most romantic person I have ever known.I think our problem is that we are both quite impulsive(冲动的)people.We are always trying to surprise each other.”
After an 11,000-mile flight across gome,she wa GREeted by Eddy’s astonished  roommate asking what she was doing.
Eddy,a  27-year-old enginee taken year off to travel round Austr be he was  missing Anna,a 26-year sece,so much he got a job on a Syd   (工地)and started savir for a surprase.
He then flew bome no   and went to her flat armed with  engegerment(订婚) ring,wine
and thougens.
“I really miseed Anna and I’d been thinking about her all the come I was so excited  when she phoned me flom Ausrralia,”he said.
Eddy then asked Anna to marry him on tbe phone .“I didn’t know whether to laugh or cry but I accepted,”she said.
Anna was given a tour of Sydney by Eddy’s friends before going back home.Eddy and to stav in Britain for two weeks beean a could not change his ticket.

45.What does the last sentence of the first paragraph tell us?
A.Anna flew to Britain from Australia to marry him.
B.Anna flew to Australia from Britain to marry him.
C.Anna flew to Britain from Australia to propose to him.
D.Anna flew to Australia from Britain to propose to him.
46.The underlined word“miss”in paragraph 2 most probably means_______.
A.escape from                   B.fail to understand
C.fail to meet                    B.long to see
47.Eddy got a job on a Sydney building site because he________.
A.wanted to travel round Australia
    B.needed monev to pay his daily cost
C.was an engineer at this building site
D.hoped to make money from this job
48.Which of the following is TRUE about Eddy and Anna according to the text?
A.Eddy proposed to Anna on the phone and Anna accepted.
B.Anna stayed in Australia waiting for Eddy’s arrival.
C.Anna bad a good time touring Sydney with Dddy.
D.Eddy met Anna in the airport waiting room by chance.


C
   If you’re like most students,you probably read both at home and outside your home:perhaps somewhere on your schoolyard and maybe even at work during your breaks.Your reading environment can have a GREat effect on your understanding,so give some thought to how you can create(营造)or choose the right reading environments.The right environment allows you to stay alert(专注的) and to keep all of your attention on the text,especially when it is both interesting  and difficult.
   When you’re at home,you can usually create effective conditions for reading.You might want to choose a particular place-a desk or table,for example-where you  always read.Make sure the place you choose is well lighted,and sit in a chair that requires  you to sit straight.Reading in a chair that’s too soft and comfortable is  likely to make you sleepy!Keep your active reading tools(pens,markers,notebooks or paper) and a dictionary close at hand.
Before you sit down for a reading period,try to reduce all possible interruptions.Turn off your phone,the television,and the radio,Tell your family members or roommates that you’ll be busy for a while.If necessary,put a“Do not disturb”sign on your door!The more interruptions you must deal with while you read,the harder it  will be to keep your attention on the task at hand.
49.The author believes that the right reading environment_________.
A. hels readers a little in their reading tasks
B. helps readers a lot in their readers a lot in their reading tasks
C. can only be created at one’s home
D. can only be created outside one’s home
50.Which type of the following interruptions is mentioned in the text?
   A.Dictionaries.                           B.Paper.
   C.Phone calls.                            D.Notebooks.
51.What would be the best title for the text?
A. How to read fast
B. Creating an Effectuve Reading Environment
C. The Ways to Reduce Possible Interruptions
D. What to Read
                                    D
  In many countries the standard of living enjoyed by their peole has increased rapidly in recent years. Sadly,not everyone in these coyntries is so fortunate and many people in rich contries are homeless.
  The reasons for homelessness are various, but poverty(贫穷)is undoubtedly one of the main causes. The homeless people may have become jobless and then been unable to pay their rent and so no longer have a roof over their heads. Often, the fact that unemployed people get help from the government prevents this from happening, but not always.
   Some homeless people are mentally ill and have no one to look after them. Some are young people who, for one reason or another , have left home and have nowhere to live. Many of them have had a serious disaGREement with their parents and have left home, choosing to go to a city and live on the streets. Sometimes they have taken such action because they have been unable to get on with a step-parent.
  Many homeless people get into the habit of begging to get enough money to stay alive, but many of the general public tefuse to give anything to beggars. Often they are moved on by the police, being accused (指控),whether rightly or wrongly, of forceful begging . There are many who disrespect homeles people.
  Some cynics(愤世嫉俗的人)declare that homeless people choose to live the life which they lead. But who would willingly choose to live in z shop doorway, under a bridger or in a cardboard box?
52.According to the text, what causes some people to be homeless?
  A.Lack of money.                   B.The increased standard of living.
  C.No government help.               D. AGREement with their parents.
53.It can be inferred from the text that________.
A. the homeles are willing to live under a bridge or in a cardboard box
B. you will not find homeless people in countries with a high standard of living
C. the mentally ill live on the stress becausethey want the company of other homeless people
D. the unemployed who receive help may still be among the homeless
54.In paragraph 2 , “a roof over their needs ”most probably means _________.
   A.a cap                           B. a car
   C.a home                          D.a covering
                                   E
    Among rich countries , people in the United States work the longest hours. T hey work much longer than in Europe. This difference is quite surprising because productivity per hour worked is the same in the United States as it is in France, Spain and Germany, and it is growing at a similar speed.
    In most countries and at most times in history, as people have become richer they have chosen to work less. In other words they have decided to “spend”a part of their extra income on a fuller personal life. Over the last fifty years Europeans have continued this pattern, and hours of work have fallen sharply. But not in the United States. We do not fully know why this is. One reason may be more satisfying work,or less satisfying personal lives.
Longer hourd do of course increase the GDP (国内生产总值). So the United States has produced more per worker than, say,France.The United States also has more of its people at work,while in Frence many more mothers and older workers have decided to stay at home.The overall result is that American GDP per head is 40% higher than in France,even though productivity per hour worked is the same.
It is not clear which of the two situations is better.As we have seen, work has to be compared with other values like family life, which often get lost in interest.It is too erly to explain the different trends(趋势)in happiness over time in different countries. But it is a disappointingidea that in the United States happiness has made no proGREss since 1975, while it has resen in Europe. Could this have anything to do with trends in the work-life balance (平衡) ?
56.From the text we know that the autor      .
A.believes that longer working hours is better
B.prefers shorter working hours to longer ones
C.says nothing certain about which pattern is better
D.thinks neither of the patterns is good
57.Which of the following countries has mone of its pcople at work?
A.Spain.                       B.France.
C.Germany.                    D.America.
58.In the last paragraph,the underlined word“which”refers to_______.
A.family life                    B.situations
C.other  values                 D.trends
59.What message can we get from the text?
A.The GDP of Europe is higher than that of America.
B.Two possible reasons are given for working longer hours in the US.
C.People all over the world choose to work less when they are richer.
D.Amerleans are happler than Europeans.
60.Which of the following would be the best title for the text?
A.Americans and Europeans       B.Staying at Home
C.Work and Productivity          D.Work and Happiness
第二节 根据对话内容,从对话后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。选项中有两项为多余选项。

―Can I help you?
-Yes,I’m looking for a sweater.
-     61   
-I’m an extra large.
-     62   
-Yes,that’s nice.      63   
-Certainly,there is a changing room over there.
-Thank you.
-     64   
―It’s too large.Do you have a large?
―  65 
―Thank you.I’ll have it,please.

A. How does it fit?
B. How about this one?
C. Can I try it on?
D. Yes,let me have a look.
E. What size are you?
F. How would you like to pay?
G. Yes,here you are.
                                  第二部分
第三大题  写作(共三节,满分55分)
第一节 单词拼写(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
根据下列句子及所给汉语注释,在答题卡指定区域的横线上写出空缺处各单词的正确形式。(每空只写一题)
66.We should make sure that the        (事故) scene is no longer dangerous.
67.We had GREat difficulty in       (呼吸),for the air was thin.
68.Well,you’ve acted       (愚蠢地) and you will pay for it.
69.He was wearing dark glasses to        (保护)his eyes from the sun.
70.Honestly I thought the fried chicken was       (可口的).
71.In       (地理)lessons we learn about countries and people in them.
72.They got lost in the desert and       (挨饿) to death.
73.The car was a        (廉价货) at that price.
74.Their living conditions have been       (改善)in the past few years.
75.Please give my       (祝贺) when you see her.

第二节  短文改错(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
此题要求在答题卡上改正所给短文中的错误。对标有题号的每一行作出判断:如无错误,在该行右边横线上划一个勾(√);如有错误(每行只有一个错误),则按下列情况改正:
此行多一个词:把多余的词用斜线(﹨)划掉在该行右边横线上写出该词,并用斜线划掉。
此行缺一个词:在缺字处加一个漏字符号(∧),在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。
此行错一个词:在错的词下划一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。
注意:原行没有错误的不要改。

Dear Anish,
    Here are the information about Manchester University.       76.     
It is about 200 miles far away from London,and it               77.     
has a very big schoolyard.You can live in the school            78.     
or near the school.They have all sorts of course.                79.     
I’m sure you will find one you like it. I know you                80.     
are particuiar interestes in Human Rights. So I will               81.     
see that there is anything on their website(网址)。                 82.     
I’ll send my friend Charlie meet you at the  airport                83.______
When you arrived.You mat him a few years ago,but he              84.______
Has  changed a lot since them,Both your aunt or l ollk              85.______
Forward to seeing you again.
   See you soon.
Pat
第三节 书面表达(满分30分)
暑假即将来临。你班同学讨论了假期计划,提出了不同看法,请根据提示写一篇有关讨论的英语短文,并谈谈你的看法。
 优 点 缺 点
呆在家中 花费少、适方便 不能亲身了解外界
外出旅游 增长知识、开阔眼界 花费多、旅途不便

注意:1.短文写在答题卡上的指定区域,词数80-120(不含已写好部分)。
2.短文必须包括表中所列要点,可根据内容分段表述。
3.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
4.参考词汇:跟界―horizon(或view)
*************************************
The summer holiday is corning.Our class have had a discussion about what  to do during the holiday.

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