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2017年高考英语模拟考试题及答案8

[日期:2019-06-25]   [字体: ]

考试顺利
第Ⅰ卷(三部分,共115分)
注意事项:
答题前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在试题卷和答题卡上,并将准考证号条形码粘贴在答题卡上的指定位置。
每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。答在试题卷上无效。
考试结束,监考人员将本试题卷和答题卡一并收回。
第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分)
做题时,先将答案划在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。
第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标志在试卷的相庆位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
例:How much is the shirt?
A.£19.15      B. £9.15     C. £9.18
答案是B。
What kind of person is the man?
A.He is friendly.
B.He is honest.
C.He is funny.
What was said about the woman’s sister?
A.She didn’t go to school.
B.She had an accident.
C.She was badly hurt.
What is the man doing at the airport?
A.Answering a passenger’s question.
B.Leaving for New York City.
C.Waiting for his sister.
What did the woman ask the man?
A. whether he could let her use his office.
B.Whether he had to work on the weekend.
C.Whether he could help her with her project.
What does the man mean?
A.His brother is coming to celebrate his birthday.
B.His brother will give him a birthday present.
C.His brother never forgets his own birthday.
第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第5段材料,回答第6、7题。
6.What is the man doing?
A.Reading a popular science book.
B.Making comments on a novel.
C.Watching a popular science film.
7.What does the woman think of popular science films?
A.They are dull.
B.They are okay.
C.They are interesting.
听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。
8.What do we know about the daughter?
A.She went to the Students’ Union last night?
B.She stayed with her boyfriend last night.
C.She came back home late night.
3.What is the father’s worry about his daughter?
A.She might have been to a wild party.
B.She might have been out with a singer.
C.She might have been to a political meeting.
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10.What is the woman NOT satisfied with?
A.The post office.
B.The man’s answer.
C.The quality of the service.
11.How does the man respond to the woman’s problem?
A.Warmly.
B.Politely.
C.Nervously.
12.What did the man offer to do?
A.Provide a new radio.
B.Correct the address.
C.Repair the radio.
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13.What does the woman think of her present job?
A.It is challenging.
B.It is promising.
C.It is boring.
14.Which of the following is required for the job in the paper?
A.A deGREe and an active mind.
B.Work experience in Germany and France.
C.A lively character and an interest in traveling.
15.What did the women decide to do next?
A.Visit the agency.
B.Apply for the job.
C.Stay with her company.
15.What does the man think of the woman’s decision?
A.It is wise.
B.It is crazy.
C.It is surprising.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17.What is the main purpose of the speech?
A.To tell the students how to collect rubbish.
B.To compare different recycling programs.
C.To encourage the student to join in a recycling program.
18.According to the program, where should plastic bags be put?
A.Into white cans.
B.Into blue cans.
C.Into pink cans.
19.According to the speaker, why are many recycling programs NOT successful?
A.Because most recycling rules are not clear.
B.Because most collecting tasks are too difficult.
C.Because most people are unwilling to sort rubbish.
20.What is the job for the volunteers?
A.To sort the collected rubbish and then deliver it.
B.To collect the sorted rubbish and then deliver it.
C.To collect the sorted rubbish and then recycle it.
第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节:语法和词汇知识(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
例:It is generally considered unwise to give a child       he or she wants.
A.however          B.whatever                 C.whichever           D.whenever
答案是B。
21.To make members of a team perform better, the trainer first of all has to know their        and weaknesses.
A.strengths              B.benefits             C.techniques           D.values
22.One of the best ways for people to keep fit is to     healthy eating habits.
A.grow                 B.develop             C.inerease             D.raise
23.The       on his face told me that he was angry.
A.impression            B.sight                C.appearance           D.expression
24.At the meeting they discussed three different        to the study of mathematics.
A.approaches            B.means              C.methods              D.ways
25.It’s already 10 o’clock. I wonder how it        that she was two hours late on such a short trip.
A.came over             B.came out            C.came about           D.came up
26.The building around the corner caught fire last night. The police are now        the matter.
A.seeing through          B.working out         C.looking into           D.watching over
27.As I GREw up in a small town at the foot of a mountain, the visit to the village        scenes of my childhood.
A.called up              B.called for             C.called on             D.called in
28.Although the wind has        , the rain remains steady. so you still need a raincoat.
A.turned up              B.gone back            C.died down            D.blown out
29.I was wondering if we could go skating on the weedend.
――    good.
A.Sound                 B.Sounded             C.Sounding              D.Sounds
30.I’m certain Davel’s told you his business troubles.        , it’s no secret that he owes a lot of money to the bank.
A.However               B.Anyway             C.Therefore              D.Though
31.      fired, your health care and other benefits will not be immediately cut off.
A.Would you be          B.Should you be         C.Could you be           D.Might you be
32.I won’t tell the student the answer to the math problem until he      on it for more than an hour.
A.has been working       B.will have worked      C.will have been working   D.had worked
33.AIDS is said        the biggest health challenge to both men and women in that area over the past few years.
A.that it is              B.to be                 C.that is has been          D.to have been
34.Don’t sit there       nothing. Come and help me with this table.
A.do                   B.to do                 C.doing                  D.and doing
35.―You know who came yesterday?
―Yao Ming? We had a basketball match.
―       He came and watched the game.
A.You guessed it!                    B.How did you know that?
C.Well done!                        D.That was good news!
第二节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
  阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
 In the city of Fujisawa, lives a woman named Atsuko Saeki. When she arrived, however, she   36  of going to the United States. Most of what she knew about American    37   was from the textbooks the had read.“I had a   38  in mind: Daddy watching TV in the living room. Mummy  39  cakes and their teenage daughter off to the cinema with her boyfriend.”
  Atsuko   40  to attend college in California. When she arrived, however, she found it was not her   41  world.“People were struggling with problems and often seemed   42  ,”she said.“I felt very alone.”
One of the hardest  43  was physical education.“We played volleyball,”she said.“The other students were  44  it, but I wasn’t.”
One afternoon, the instructor asked Atsuko to   45  the ball to her teammates so they could knock it   46    the net. No problem for most people. But is terrified Atsuko. She was afraid of losing face   47   she failed.
A young man. On her team   48   what she was going through.“He walked up to me and   49   ,‘Come on, You can do that.’”
“You will never understand how those words of    50   .made me feel…Four words…You can do that. I felt like crying with happiness.”
She made it through the class. Perhaps she thanked the young man; she is not     51   .
Six years have passed. Atsuko is back in Japan ,working as a salesclerk.“I have     52   forgotten the words,”she said.“When things are not going so well, I think of them.”
She is sure the young man had no idea how much his kindness    53   to her.“He probably doesn’t even remember it.”she said, That may be the lesson. Whenever you say something to a person―cruel or kind―you have no ides how long the words will     54    .She’s all the way over in Japan, but still she hears those four   55   words; You can do that.
36.A.learned         B.spoke               C.dreamed         D.heard
37.A.way           B.life                  C.education       D.spirit
38.A.photo          B.painting              C.picture       D.drawing
39.A.baking         B.frying                C.steaming      D.drawing
40.A.hoped          B.arranged             C.liked        D.attempted
41.A.described       B.imagined             C.created    D.discovered
42.A.tense           B.cheerful             C.relaxed          D.deserted
43.A.times           B.questions            C.classes          D.projects
44.A.curious about    B.good at              C.slow at          D.nervous about
45.A.kick            B.pass                C.carry           D.hit
46.A.through         B.into                 C.over            D.past
47.A.after           B.if                   C.because         D.until
48.A.believed       B.considered            C.wondered       D.sensed
49.A.warned         B.sighed               C.ordered         D.whispered
50.A.excitement      B.encouragement        C.persuasion       D.suggestion
51.A.interested       B.doubtful              C.puzzled         D.sure
52.A.never          B.already               C.seldom          D.almost
53.A.happened       B.applied               C.seemed           D.meane
54.A.continue        B.stay                 C.exist            D.live
55.A.merciful         B.bitter                C.simple          D.easy
第三部分:阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)
  阅读下列短文,从每篇短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
Join the thousand of professionals and international travelers who depend on Chanps Elysees, Schan ins Land, Puerta del Sol, and Acquerello intaliano to help them stay in touch with the languages and cultures they love. Designed to help you GREatly improve your listening,vocabulary, and cultural IQ,these unique European audio magazines(有声杂志) are guaranteed.(保证)to give you enthusiasm and determination to study the language or your money back!
Each audio magazine consists of an hour—long programme on CD or DVD.You’ll gear interviews with well-know Europeans passages covering current events and issues as well as feature stories on the culture you love. A small book, which goes with CD or DVD, contains a complete set of printed materials, notes (background notes included)averaging 600 words and expressions translated into English. The result: you build fluency month in month out.  
To help you integrate language study into your busy life, we’ve made each audio magazine convenient. Work on language fluency while driving to work, exercising, or cooking anytime and anywhere you want!
Best of all ,each programme is put together by professional broadcasters ,journalists, and editors who have a strong interest in European languages and cultures, That enthusiasm comes through in every edition. From New York to London to Singapore, the users tell us no company produces a better product for language. Leaners at all levels. Ring for more information. Or order at www.audiomagazine.com . We guarantee that you have nothing to lost if it’s not for you; Let us know within 6 weeks and we will completely reimburse you.
56.The audio-magazines in the passage are       .
A.published in European languages
B.read on the computer screen
C.designed in the form of small sized books
D.broadcast on television and the radio
57.The audio magazines are mainly for        .
A.European journalists
B.professional travelers
C.language learners
D.language learners
58.What is mentioned as a feature of the audio-magazines?
A.They are translated into English.
B.They are convenient for the users.
C.They are very easy to read.
D.They are cheap and popular.
59.What does the underlined part “reimburse” probably mean?
A.Return the money you paid.
B.Change the product you bought.
C.Offer you a free repair.
D.Guarantee you the quality.
                                   B
Have you ever received a gift that was so clearly not your taste that you wondered if perhaps it had been handed to you by mistake? Worse, have you ever given a present and watched your friend look as though she had opened the wrong box? Maybe she responded with a polite “Why, thank you,” but you knew you had missed the mark. Why do presents sometimes go wrong? And what do your choices (good and had) reflect about your personal qualities?
Choosing the right gift is an art, I believe. It calls for empathy-the ability to put yourself into someone else’s head and heart. We’re all able to do this; in fact, we’re born with a kind of natural empathy. After the earliest period of childhood, however, it needs to be reinforced(加强)-by our parents, teachers, friends .When it isn’t, we’re not able to understand other people’s feelings as sharply. This can show in the gifts we select, and so can many other emotional(情感的)qualities.
Think back to the presents you’ve given over the past year, the time and effort you put into your selection, how much you spent, your thoughts while you were shopping ,and your feelings when the receiver opened the package. Keep in mind that what you choose displays your inner world. Of course, you may express yourself differently with different friends, relatives, and other people you know.
We live in a society where exchanging presents is an important part of communication. Ignoring the tradition won’t make it go away. If you really dislike such a tradition, tell your friends abead of time.
60.The underlined expression“you had missed the mark”means“you had failed to     ”.
A.make her feel better
B.keep your friendship
C.receive a present in return
D.get the expected effect
61.Which of the following is the main ideas of the second paragraph?
A.Natural empathy needs to be reinforced.
B.Emotional changes influence one’s choice of gifts.
C.Selecting the right gift is an ability people are born with.
D.Choosing gifts requires one to understand the receivers.
62.In the third garagraph, the author tells us that        .
A.attention should be paid to the receiver’s responses
B.one learns from what he did in the past
C.the choice of girls reflects one’s emotional qualities
D.one should spend more time choosing gifts
63.The best possible title for this passage is “   ”.
A.Ways of Choosing Gifts
B.An Important Tradition
C.Exchanging Presents
D.Message in a Gift
                                 C
The young boy saw me, or rather, he saw the car and quickly ran up to me ,eager to sell his bunches(串)of bananas and bags of peanuts. Though he appeared to be about twelve, he seemed to have already known he bitterness of life.“Bananas 300 naira. Peanuts 200 naira.”He said in a low voice. I bargained him down to 200 that for the fruit and nuts, When he aGREed, I handed him a 500 naira bill. He didn’t have change. So I told him not to worry. He said thanks and smiled a row of perfect teeth.
When, two weeks later, I saw the boy again, I was more aware of my position in a society where it’s not that uncommon to see a little boy who should be in school standing on the corner selling fruit in the burning sun. My parents bad raised me to be aware of the advantage we had been afforded and the responsibility it brought to us.
I pulled over and rolled down my window, He had a bunch of bananas and a bag of peanuts ready. I waved them away. “What’t up?”asked him.
“I…I don’t have money to buy books for school.”I reached into my pocket and handed him two fresh 500 naira bills.“Will this help?”I asked. He looked around nervously before taking the money. One thousand naira was a lot of money to someone whose family probably made about 5,000 naira or less each year.“Thank you, sir.”he said.“Thank you very much!”
When driving home. I wondered if my little friend actually used the money for schoolbooks. What if he’s a cheat(骗子)?And then I wondered why I did it. Did I do it to make myself feel better? Was I using him? Later, I realized that I wondered why I did it, Did I do it to make myself feel better? Was I using him? Later, I realized that I didn’t know his name or the least bit about him, nor did I think to ask.
Over the next six months, I was busy working in a news agency in northern Nigeria. Sometime after I returned, I went out For a drive. When I was about to pull over, the boy suddenly appeared by my window with a big smile ready on his face.
“Oh, gosh! Long time.”
“Are you in school now?”I asked.
He nodded.
“That’s good,” I said. A silence fell as we looked at each other, and then I realized what he wanted.“Here,”I held out a 500 naira bill.“Take this.”He shook his head and stepped back as if hurt.“What’s wrong?”  I asked.“It’s a gift.”
He shook his head again and brought his had form behind his back. His face shone with sweat(汗水). He dropped a bunch of bananas and a bag of peanuts in the front seat before he said,“I’ve been waiting to give these to you .”
64.What was the author’s first impression of the boy?
A. He seemed to be poor and GREedy.
B. He seemed to have his age.
C. He seemed younger than his age.
D. He seemed good at bargaining.
65.The second time the author met the boy, the boy    .
A. told him his purpose of selling fruit and nuts
B. wanted to express his thanks
C. asked him for money for his schoolbooks
D. tried to take advantage of him
65.Why did the author give his money to the boy?
A. Because he had enough money to do that.
B. Because he had learnt to help others since childhood.
C. Because he held a higher position in the society.
D. Because he had been asked by the news agency to do so.
67.Which of the following best describes the boy?
A. Brave and polite.
B. Kind and smart.
C. Honest and thankful.
D. Shy and nervous.
                                     D
  An environmental group called the Food Commission is unhappy and disappointed because of the sale of bottled water form Japan. The water is angrily argues in public, has traveled 10,000“food miles”before it reaches Western customers.“transporting water halfway across the world is surely the extremely stupid use of fuel when there is plenty of water in the OK.”It is also worried that we are wasting our fuel by buying praums(对虾)from Indonesia(7,000 food miles) and carrots from  South Africa(5,900 food miles).
Counting the number of miles traveled done by a product is a strange way of trying to tell the true situation of the environmental damage done by an industry. Most food is transported around the world on container ships that are extremely energy efficient(高能效的). It should be noted that a ton of butter transported 25 miles in a truck product transported hundreds of miles by sea. Besides ,the idea of “of miles”ignores the amount of fuel used in the production. It is possible to cut down your food miles by buying tomatoes grown in Britain rather than those grown in Ghana; the difference is that the British one will have been raised in heated GREenhouses and the Ghanaian ones in the open sun.
What the idea of“food miles”does provide, however, is the chance to cut out Third World Countries from First World food markers. The number of miles traveled by our food should, as I see it, be regarded as a sign of the success of the global(全球的)trade system, not a sign of damage to the environment.
68.The Food Commission is angry because it thinks that     .
A.OK wastes a lot of money importing food products
B. some imported goods cause environmental damage
C. growing certain vegetables cause environmental damage
D. people waste energy buying food fro other countries
69. The phrase“food miles”in the passage refers to the distance        .
A. that a food product travels to a market
B. that a food product travels from one market to another
C. between UK and other food producing countries
D. between a Third World country and a First World food market
70.By comparing tomatoes raised in Britain and in Ghana, the another tries to explain that      .
A. British tomatoes are healthier than Ghanaian ones
B. Ghanaian tomatoes taste better than British ones
C. cutting down food miles may not necessarily save fuel
D. protecting the environment may cost a lot of money
71.From the passage we know that the author is most probably         .
A. a supporter of free global trade
B. a member of the Food Commission
D. a supporter of First World food markets
D. a member of an energy development group
                                       E
  Silence is unnatural to man. He begins life with a cry and ends it in stillness. In between be does all he can to make a noise in the world, and be fears silence more than anything else. Even his conversation is an attempt to prevent a fearful silence. If he is introduced to another person, and is number of pauses occur in the conversation, he regards him- self as a failure ,a worthless person, and is full of envy of the emptiest- headed chatterbox(喋喋不休的人).He knows that ninety nine percent of human conversation means no more than the buzzing of a fly, but he is anxious to join in the buzz and to prove that he is a man and not a waxwork figure(蜡塑人像).
The aim of conversation is not. For the most part, to communicate ideas; it is to keep up the buzzing sound. There are, it must be admitted, different qualities of buzz; there is even a buzz that is as annoying as the continuous noise made by a mosquito(蚊子).But at a dinner party one would rather be a mosquito than a quiet person. Most buzzing, fortunately, is pleasant to the ear, and some of it is pleasant even to the mind. He would be a foolish man if he waited until he had a wise thought to take part in the buzzing with his neighbors.
 Those who hate to pick up the weather as a conversational opening seem to me not to know the reason why human beings wish to talk. Very few human beings join in a conversation in the hope of learning anything new. Some of them are content if they are merely allowed to go on making a noise into other people’s ears, though they have nothing to tell them except that they have seen two or three new plays or that they had food in a Swiss hotel. At the end of an evening, during which they have said nothing meaningful for a long time. They just prove themselves to be successful conservationists.
72. According to the author, people make conversation to               .
A. exchange ideas
B. prove their value
C. achieve success in life
D. overcome their fear of silence
73. By “the buzzing of a fly”(Para.1),the author means “              ”.
A. the noise of an insect
B. a low whispering sound
C. meaningless talks
D. the voice of a chatterbox
74. According to the passage, people usually talk to their neighbors          .
A. about whatever they have prepared
B. about whatever they want do
C. in the hope of learning something new
D. in the hope of getting on well
75. What is the author’s purpose in writing the passage?
A. To discuss why people like talking about weather.
B. To encourage people to join in conversations.
C. To persuade people to stop making noises.
D. To explain why people keep talking.

                  第Ⅱ卷(共35分)
注意事项:
第Ⅱ卷用0.5毫米黑色的签字笔或黑色墨水钢笔直接答在答题卡上。答在试题卷上无效。
第四部分:写作(共两节,满分35分)
短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
    此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。对标有题号的每一行作出判断:如无错误,在该行右边横线上画一个勾,如有错误(每行只有一个错误),则按下列情况改正:
    此行多一个词:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词,并也用斜线划掉。
此行缺一个词:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(A),在该行右边横线上写出该加的词.
此行错一个词:在错的词下划一横线,在该线在边横线上写出改正后的词。
注意:原行没有错的不要改。
(此题内容见答题卡)
书面表达(满分25分)
    受某英文报的委托,你最近对高中生的英语阅读兴趣做了一次调查。请根据以下信息,用英语为该报写一篇100词左右的短文。短文的标题及首句已为你写好。
调查内容:在新闻、故事、科普、学习方法四种英文文章中,学生最喜欢哪一种
调查范围:湖北省的10所中学
调查对象:高中生
调查人数:1200
调查方式:访谈
调查结果:(见下图)
Reading Interests of Senior Middle School Students
  Recently, a survey has been done to find out the reading interests of senior middle school students

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