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2017年中考英语语法练习

[日期:2019-06-25]   [字体: ]

A.从所给的单词中找出不可数名词并将其填入下列各句中,使句子通顺、意思完整。(5分)

place,weather,news,library,housework, metal,kite,money,island,juice,doll,noise, exam,salt,diary,sunshine,tourist,zoo, butter,information,voice,war

1.It's good to help your mother do the ______  when you're free.

2.How much ______  does the machine cost?

3.Many people catch a cold in such bad ______ .

4.Don't make so much ______  .You may disturb others.

5.What beautiful  ______ !It's a fine day fora walk.

6.In Canada people eat bread with ______  on it.

7. ______ looks like sugar,but it doesn't taste sweet.

8.People use  ______ for making machines in the factory.

9.Is there any important  ______ in today's morning paper?

10.They have a little more  ______ about that accident.

B.用所给词的适当形式填空。(10分)

1.These ______ (watch)and clocks are made in some ______ (factory)in this town.

2.Miss Evans says it is one of the most useful ______ (dictionary).

3.Would you like to eat some ______ (pizza)?

4.I met several ______ (man)doctors on my way to school.

5.Help yourself to some ______ (soup).

6. ______ (congratulation)to the winners!

7.A group of ______ (child)have gone to the West Hill Farm.

8.How many ______ (month)are there in a year?

9.There's something wrong with the third ______ (tooth)on the left.

10.Here are some flowers for you,with our best ______ (wish).

C.将下列短语译成英语。(5分)

1.露茜的裙子 ______ 

2.吉姆和凯特的房间 ______ 

3.老师的办公室 ______ 

4.儿童读物 ______ 

5.妇女节 ______ 

6.步行半小时的路程 ______ 

7.北京的春天 ______ 

8.椅子的腿 ______ 

9.昨天的作业 ______ 

10.一张中国地图 ______ 

11.我父亲的一位朋友 ______ 

12.他自己的一个房间 ______ 

13.这个问题的答案 ______ 

14.那辆自行车的钥匙 ______ 

15.在医务室 ______ 

D.在下列各题的空白处填入适当的代词。(15分)

1.My uncle came to my birthday party yesterday. ______ bought a very nice watch for ______ .

2.Mr.and Mrs.Howe has a son. ______ both like ______  very much.

3.I'd like to have a look at the toy.Will you please pass  ______ to  ______ ?

4.The two librarians are very helpful.We all love  ______ very much.

5.They found ______  rather difficult to solve the problem.

6.Alice has a cat. ______ name is Kitty.

7.Paul is good at composition. ______ father is a famous writer.

8.These are not their textbooks. ______ are over there.

9.This ruler is not ______ .My ruler is blue.

10.I don't need your help.I can do it  ______ .

11.Please help  ______ to some bread with butter on it,my friends.

12.They enjoyed  ______ very much at the party yesterday evening.

13.Who is ______  speaking?

14.I don't like ______  pizza.I like that one.

15.The apples in the basket are much bigger than  ______ in that one.

16.The weather of Beijing in winter is colder than  ______ of Guangzhou.

17.—Is he still weak in Chinese?I'm sorry to hear that.

    — ______ is why I come to see you.

18.I think we should help  ______ and learn from ______ .

19.Mr.and Mrs.GREen put small presents in ______ (互相)stockings on Christmas Day.

20. ______ one do you prefer,the yellow one or the purple one?

21.— ______ are they talking about?

    —The book called Business @the speed of thought.

22.— ______ is the richest person in the world at the moment?

    —Bill Gates.But I'm not sure.

23.— ______ were you waiting for at the company gate at eight yesterday morning?

    —Oh,Mr.Clark,our computer engineer.

24.— ______ weeks are there in a year?

    —About fifty-two.

25.—I don't know  ______ the Yellow River is.Do you know?

    —Yes.More than 5,400 kilometers.

26.—Do you know ______  wallet it is?

    —Maybe it is Elizabeth's.

27.The chemistry question was quite difficult, ______ could work it out in the class.

28.The old lady is terribly sick.She can't eat  ______ these days.

29.Wait a moment.I have  ______ important to tell you.

30.The skirt is a bit larger.Please show me  ______ one.

E.在需要的地方填入冠词。(10分)

1.Bruce's aunt is  ______ engineer in a big company and his uncle works on ______ farm.

2.I want to go to the market to buy  ______ pair of scissors.

3. ______ elephant is much heavier than  ______ giraffe.

4. ______ 80-year-old woman is waiting for you in the school gate keeper's room.

5.Father gave me  ______ story book. ______ book is full of funny stories.

6.You'd better take the pills three times  ______ day.

7.Who's ______  man in a black coat in  ______ car?

8. ______ earth is bigger than ______ moon,but much smaller than  ______ sun.

9.Have you ever been to ______  Summer Palace?

10.The blind girl can play  ______ piano very well.

11. ______ Smiths have lived in Hong Kong for less than thirty years.

12. ______ harder you work, ______ richer you will be.

13.Jane and Kitty are in  ______ same class and they go to school together by ______  bus.

14.John is ______  first in his class.

15. ______ Mother's Day is on the second Sunday in  ______ May every year.

III.课本要点:(初一册1—16单元)(35分)

A.选择填空。(10分)

1.What is Henry's telephone ______  ?

   a.row

   b.class

   c.team

   d.number

2.Can I  ______ my schoolbag on the bed?

   a.give

   b.have

   c.put

   d.throw

3.—Your trousers are  ______ nice.

   — ______ .

   a.very;Thank you

   b.very;Not nice at all

   c.very much;Thank you

   d.very much;I think so

4.— ______ ?

   —It's two to five.

   a.What time is it

   b.What's five minus two

   c.What color is it

   d.What's on the clock

5.— ______ .Are you Mr.King?

   —No,I'm Mr.Smith.

   —Oh, ______ 

   a.Sorry;sorry

   b.Sorry;excuse me

   c.Excuse me;sorry

   d.Excuse me;excuse me

6.The baseball is  ______ the floor, ______ the bed.

   a.under;on

   b.on;under

   c.in;on

   d.on;in

7.It's five fifty-five.This is another way of saying

  “It's ______ .”

   a.five to six

   b.six to five

   c.six past five

   d.five past six

8.—Please give me a piece of paper.

   — ______ .

   a.Let me give you

   b.Oh,it's nothing

   c.Don't mention it

   d.Here you are

9.That's my chemistry book.Give  ______ .

   a.it me

   b.it to me

   c.me it

   d.me to it

10.Here are your new scissors. ______ .

   a.Put it away

   b.Put away it

   c.Put them away

   d.Put away them

B.句型转换。(5分)

1.That's an old photo.(改为复数句)

    ______  ______ old  ______ .

2.Is this your ruler?(作否定回答)

   No, ______  ______ .

3.I can see some mice in the cage.(改为否定句)

   I ______  ______  ______  mice in the cage.

4.There is only one sheep in the picture(就划线部分提问)

   ______  ______  ______  ______  there in the picture?

5.The boy on the bike is good at bridge.(就划线部分提问)

    ______  ______ is good at bridge?

6.Jean is in Class Two.Emma is in Class Two,too.(合并为一句)

   Jean and Emma are ______  ______  ______  ______ .

7.Mr.GREen is English.(用American改为选择疑问句)

    ______ Mr.GREen English ______ American?

8.You can tell us a story.(改为祈使句)

    ______  ______ a story,please.

9.These are my books.(改为同义句)

   These books ______  ______  .

10.He has no computer.(改为同义句)

    He  ______  ______ a computer.

11.What's the time,please?(改为同义句)

     ______  ______  ______  ______ ,please?

12.There are some pencils in her hand.(改为同义句)

     ______  ______ some pencils in her hand.

C.根据汉语提示完成下列句子。(10分)

1.轮到你打扫教室了。

   It's your ______  ______  ______ the classroom.

2.请走这边。

    ______  ______ ,please.

3.穿红色衣服的那女孩是我的妹妹。

   The girl  ______  ______ clothes ______ my younger sister.

4.这对孪生兄弟看上去长得完全一样。

   The twin brothers  ______ exactly ______  ______ .

5.今天谁值日?

   Who  ______  ______  ______ today?

6.你在一年级一班吗?

    ______ you in ______  One ______ One ?

7.树下的自行车是你的还是她的?

    ______ the bike ______  ______  ______ yours  ______ hers?

8.那架飞机模型看上去是凯特的。

   That model plane ______  ______ Kate's.

9.五加九等于十四。

   Five ______  nine ______  ______  .

10.艾丽斯在家吗?

    ______ Alice  ______  ______ ?  

Key:

A.

1.housework 2.money 3.weather 4.noise 5.sunshine

6.butter 7.Salt 8.metal9.news 10.information

B.

1.watches;factories 2.dictionaries 3.pizza  4.men   5.soup

6.Congratulations    7.children     8.months 9.tooth 10.wishes

C.

1.Lucy's skirt

2.Jim and Kate's room

3.teachers'office

4.children's books

5.Women's Day

6.half an hour's walk

7.the spring of Beijing

8.the legs of a chair

9.yesterday's homework

10.a map of China

11.a friend of my father's

12.a room ofhis own

13.the answer to the question

14.the key to that bike

15.at the doctor's

说明:这15道小题都是关于名词所有格的。名词所有格是表示“所有”关系的,主要有三种:

①“'s”所有格。用法是:

(1)表示有生命东西的名词,其所有格形式一律在名词后加“'s。如:第1,4,5小题。

(2)如果某物为两人或更多的人所共同拥有,则只在最后一个名词后加“'s。如第2小题。如果不是共有的,则在各个名词后都要加“'s”。如:“吉姆、凯特和李雷的书”(分别拥有)应译为“Jim's,Kate's and Li Lei's books”。

(3)以s结尾的复数名词的所有格只加“',否则就加“'s。如3,4,5小题。

(4)一般地,表示时间、距离、国家、城市、团体、机构等名词的所有格是在词尾加“'s,如第6,9小题。

②“of所有格:表示无生命名词的所有格通常用of所有格,如7、8、10小题。又如“这个工厂的名字”要说“the name of the factory”。

③双重所有格:如果在表示所属物的名词前有冠词、数词、不定代词或指示代词时,一般用双重所有格(多表示部分、感情色彩),如11小题。再如:some inventions of Edison's爱迪生的一些发明。

另外,表示“……的答案、钥匙”或“去……路、入口、出口”的所有格一般用to。如第13、14小题。

D)1.He;me 2.They;him 3.it;me 4.them 5.it

1—5小题主要练习人称代词的用法。人称代词的主格在句子中通常用作主语;人称代词的宾格在句子中作及物动词的直接宾语、间接宾语或介词宾语。

6.Its 7.His 8.Theirs 9.mine

6—9小题主要练习物主代词的用法。物主代词是用来表示所有关系的,分为形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词。形容词性物主代词不能单独使用,只能作定语,修饰其后的名词。名词性物主代词相当于一个相应的形容词性物主代词+名词,故其后不可跟名词作定语。它通常在句子中作主语、宾语和表语等。

10.myself 11.yourselves 12.themselves

10—12小题主要练习反身代词的用法。表示动作又回到动作执行者本身的代词称作反身代词。它在句子中可用宾语、表语和同位语等。

13.that 14.this 15.those 16.that 17.That

13—17小题主要练习指示代词。指示代词包括 this,that,these,those等。它们在句子中的作用是“指代”,指近距离的人和物用this,these;指较远距离的人和物用that,those。一般地,that常用以指代不可数名词或抽象名词,those用于指代复数名词。它们通常用来指所谈到的人或事物,以避免重复。

18.each other;each other 19.each other's

18—19这两个小题主要练习相互代词。表示相互关系的代词叫相互代词。我们初中教材中只学习了 each other的用法。

20.Which 21.What 22.Who 23.Who/Whom24.How many 25.how long 26.whose

20—26小题主要练习疑问代词的用法。疑问代词常用于引起特殊疑问句,可用以代替名词、代词或形容词等。

27.nobody /no one 28.anything 29.something 30.another


27—30小题主要练习不定代词的用法。下面将常见的几组容易混淆的不定代词的用法辨析如下:

①some,any

some多用于肯定句,any多用于否定句和疑问句。但在表示请求或希望得到对方肯定回答的疑问句中也可用some。此外,any也可用于条件句中。如:You can put up your hand and ask me if you have any questions.

②many,much

many与可数名词连用,much与不可数名词连用。

③all,both

both专指两个人或事物。all意指两个以上的人或物,也可代表或修饰不可数名词。all作主语表示整个事物时,谓语动词用单数;如果表示所有人或事物,谓语动词用复数。

④neither,either

either指两个中的这个或那个,它的否定形式是 neither,表示既不是这一个,也不是那一个。neither和either都可作主语、宾语或定语。用作主语时,谓语动词用单数。

⑤each,every

each强调个别性,用于两个或两个以上的人或物中,可作定语,也可作主语或同位语等。every强调整体性,用于三者或三者以上的人或物中,它只能作定语,不能用作主语、宾语等。

⑥one,ones

one可作形容词性代词,表示泛指,有“一个”之意。当one作名词性代词时,有“一个人(物)”之意。如果上文出现的名词是复数,则用ones。

⑦other,the other,another

other可用作代词和形容词,用作形容词时,后接复数名词;用作代词时,有复数形式,表示泛指,若特指“其余所有的”则其前要加the;the other指“两者中的另一个”或“(将多个人/物分为两类)另外一些”。如:He has three uncles.One is a writer,the other two are businessmen.(他有三个叔叔,一个是作家,另外两个是商人。)而another是指不定数目中的“另一个”。

⑧no one,none

no one泛指“没有人”,其后不接of短语,none指固定范围内“一个也没有”,既可以指人也可以指物,作主语时常与of连用。一般地,对how many和how much提问的句子要用none来回答;对who,what提问的句子分别用no one和nothing来回答。试比较:

—How many people can you see in the field?

—None.

—How much bread is there in the fridge?

—None.

—Who has finished drawing the picture?

—No one.

—What did you find in the box?—Nothing.

⑨(a)few,(a)little

few,little表示否定概念,作“几乎没有”讲;a

few,a little表示肯定概念,意思是“有一点儿”“有一些”。few,a few修饰可数名词,little,a little修饰不可数名词。

E)1.an;a。an用于元音音素开头的单数可数名词前;而a则用在辅音音素开头的单数可数名词前。

2.a。表示数量,有“一”的意思,但表示数量的概念没有one强烈。

3.An;a。a,an用于单数名词前,表示某一类人或事物。

4.An。指某人或某物,但不具体说明何人或何物。

5.a;The。第一次提到的人或物时,往往用不定冠词,再次提到该人或该物就要用定冠词。

6.a。a和时间及度量衡名词连用时,表示“每”或“每一”的意思。

7.the;the。特指某(些)人或某(些)事物。这是定冠词的基本用法。

8.The;the;the。定冠词常用在世界上独一无二的事物前。

9.the。由普通名词构成的专有名词前一般要用定冠词。

10.the。乐器名词前一般用定冠词。

11.The。姓氏名词的复数形式前用定冠词,表示“……一家人”或“……夫妇二人”。

12.The;the。“the +比较级,the +比较级”表示“愈……,就愈……”。这是一种特殊的句式。

13.the;/。定冠词可用在一些习惯用语中,但在有些固定词组中却不能使用冠词。

14./。序数词作表语表示“第一名”或用作副词时,其前通常不用the。

15./;/。在节日、日期、月份、季节名词前通常不用冠词。

III.A.1—5 d c a a c 6—10 b a d b c

B.

1.Those are;photos

2.it isn't

3.can't see any

4.How many sheep are

5.Which boy

6.in the same class /both in Class Two

7.Is;or

8.Tell us

9.are mine

10.doesn't have

11.What time is it

12.She has

C.

1.turn to clean

2.This way

3.in red;is

4.look;the same

5.is on duty

6.Are;Class;Grade

7.Is;under the tree;or

8.looks like

9.and /plus;is fourteen

10.Is;at home

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