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2017年高考模拟试题5

[日期:2019-06-25]   [字体: ]

本试卷分第一卷(选择题)和第二卷(非选择题)两部分。共150分。考试时间120分钟。
第一卷(三部分,共115分)
第一部分:听力(共两节,满分20分)(省略)
第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节 单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳答案,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

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21.----- Madam, will you please get ______ Mr. Li ?
-----I’m sorry. The line is busy .
A. through      B. to      C. with    D. through to
22. The old professor living ______ the flat downstairs is famous for his invitation
A. at        B. on    C. in      D. by
23. We have all ______ to get further education after college.
A. decide    B. made up our mind  C. seen    D. meant
24. I wish I _______ yesterday.   A. didn’t borrow his pen  B. haven’t gone there by bus  
  C. hadn’t visited to place     D. weren’t playing PC games when he came in
25. ----- What are you going to be when you grow up ?       ----- I want to _______.
A. go to the sea    B. go to sea C. work beyond the sea    D. go to Qindao by sea
26. As we all know, the package is charged _____, and eggs ____.
A. by weight ; by dozen      B. by the weight ; by the dozen
C. by weight ; by the dozen    D. by the weight ; by dozen
27. The whole book is made up of these three stories. That is to say, these three stories ______ the whole book.
A. make up    B. join in    C. connect with  D. refer to
28. Today my job at home is ______ and my father’s is ______.
A. to wash clothes; to cook dinner     B. washing clothes ; to cook dinner
C. to wash clothes ; cooking dinner    D. going to wash clothes; going to cook dinner
29.______ common with many people, he prefers classical music _____ pop.
A. Having; than      B. In ; than   C. Being in ; to      D. In ; to
30. When we entered his room, we saw his clothes the he had left ______ around.
A. lay        B. lying        C. lied      D. laying
31. It is up _____ to clean our bedroom today.
A. to you      B. for you      C. of you      D. upon you
32. ----- $200 in total, sir.    ----- What? You _______ me too much! It’s only a coffee!
A. ask      B. charge        C. demand    D. care for
33. Which of the following is WRONG ?
A. It is likely / probable that he will go abroad.
B. It is probable / likely for him to finish his work in 2 hours.
C. He is likely to pay a visit to the famous university.
D. Zhang Lin is probable to be a lawyer after college.
34. The experiment _______ to be _______.
A. turned out; GREat success  B. turned out; a great success
C. turned into; GREatly successful  D. turn up; great success
35. Look, the firefighters are fighting against the fire. You must _______ the way.
A. keep out of    B. keep on   C. keep in touch with    D. keep on

第二节 完形填空(共20小题;每题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处 的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
Martin Luther King. Jr. was born in Georgia in 1929. when was 36 a boy Martin learned that his 37 , the black Americans, were 38 treated differently from most of 39 fellow Americans. Many could not attend good schools, 30 good jobs, or live in nice houses because of the color of their 41. Martin knew that in a free country this was 42 . He wanted to help his black brothers, 43 he decided to go to school and
44 a minister. He became a pastor (牧师)in Montgomery, Alabama . This is 45 Martin Luther King’s "peaceful fight" first began.
Dr. King worked 46 equality in other cities. He knew that the 47 way people could win their rights was to remain peaceful, 48 in face of danger. Dr. King won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964 for his achievements and 49 .
The whole nation 50 the terrible event that 51 on April 4, 1968, in Memphis, Tennessee. Martin Luther King, Jr, was
52 . The man who had preached (倡导) nonviolence (非暴力) died 53 .
But Dr. King’s dream can never 54 . Many Americans are still 55 to make that dream come true.
36. A. already        B. still        C. such        D. not
37. A. family        B. friends        C. people        D. country
38. A. much        B. sometimes      C. seldom      D. often
39. A. his          B. those        C. most        D. their
40. A. get          B. look for      C. having        D. to do
41. A. faces        B. skin        C. bodies        D. people
42. A. even worse      B. different      C. wrong        D. reasonable
43. A. as          B. because      C. so        D. but
44. A. helped        B. ask        C. visited        D. become
45. A. where        B. why        C. said        D. because
46. A. with        B. in          C. by        D. for
47. A. only        B. other        C. wrong        D. second
48. A. except        B. even        C. if          D. not
49. A. honor        B. victory        C. courage      D. strength
50. A. discouraged      B. saw        C. mourned      D. rebelled
51. A. passed        B. he did        C. happened      D. they managed
52. A. defeated      B. shot        C. caught        D. put into prison
53. A. bravely        B. violently      C. quietly        D. nonviolently
54. A. die          B. be believed      C. realize        D. fail
55. A. wanted        B. working      C. prepared      D. struggling

第三部分:阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2.5分,满分50分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
                      A
  At the time, I would go out in the evening with my parents. But this time I had borrowed a bicycle from a friend of mine. I didn’t know why, but once I was on my own bicycle, a kind of free feeling flooded through me. The faster I rode, the faster I wanted to go! Far ahead, I rode as if my life depended on it, head down, hands grasping the handbars. I meant to get to Jinghai Bar as fast as I could...
  Oh! My hands! Don’t come any closer... Don’t touch me! That poor doctor just couldn’t get my gloves off. Each time he took a step towards me, I broke into painful shouting. Much later, I discovered that I had crashed(碰撞) heavily with another bicycle, and I hadn’t spoken one word of sense for at least three hours! After some time, my mother arrived at the hospital, her face as white as a sheet, and gave me a hug( 紧抱),only then did the doctor begin to stitch(缝合) my head wound, not only did he merrily cut off a long lock of my hair, but used no anaesthetic(麻药) either! Later. I seemed to hear faraway voices saying that my right hand was broken. I almost burst into tears. How would I ever play the piano again?
56 .On her way to Jinghai, the writer felt ________.
A. nervous     B. comfortable C. light-hearted   D. upset
57. Why did the writer ride a bicycle to Jinghai Bar that evening?
A. Because she wanted to attend a party on time.
B. Because she wanted to meet her friend who was waiting for her there.
C. Because she just wanted, to join some of her friends and drink some wine.
D. We are not quite sure about what she was really going there for.
58. What did the writer think of the doctor?
A. Friendiy.   B. Cruel.   C. Hardworking.  D. Kind.
59. One thing is sure, that is, before she was wounded she ________.
A.  often went to Jinghai Bar with her friends B. liked playing the piano
C. didn’t like any doctors at all    D. would burst into tears when she was in trouble
                      B
One Of the best-known American writers of children’s boots is Alfred Strong,or doctor Strong, as be is better known to readers everywhere. Now, an art show called "Doctor Strong From Then to Now" is travelling around the United States. The pictures and drawings show the history of Doctor strong.
Doctor Strong first became famous almost fifty years ago when his first children’s book was published. since then, he has written forty-five books that have sold more than one hundred million copies around the world.
Doctor Strong’s books are known for their easy use of words and colorful, hand-drawn pictures. These drawings bring life to his imaginary creatures. The Cat in the Hat, Horton the Elephant, The Grinch Who Stole Christmas, and hundreds of others.
The San Diego Museum, in California, organized the art show. It included about three hundred Doctor Strong’s original(最早的) drawings and some of his writings.
Most of Doctor Strong’s books, although written in a funny way, have serious messages. For example, in McElligot’s Pool, he describes the danger of pollution. He discusses the arms race in The Butter Battle Book, written in nineteen eighty-four.
Doctor Strong is almost eighty -four years old now. He says he never planned to write stories just for Children. He says he writes stories that interest people of all ages. He says he uses easy words so that everyone, even a child, can understand.
60. Alfred Strong is a famous ________ in the United States.
A. doctor     B .artist     C. writer     D. reader
61. Doctor strong first became famous in ________.
A. his eighties when an art show was travelling around the United states
 B. his fifties when his drawings and writings were published
C. nineteen eighty-four When his book MeEligot’s Pool was published
D. his thirties when his first book was Published
62. Doctor Strong’s books are very popular in America beause_______.
A. they are stories about animals such as cats, elephants and so on
B. they are written in easy words with colourful pictures
C. he organized the art show in California     D. they are written in a funny way
63. His purpose in writing many such books is________.
A. to Show his original pictures and drawings   B. to organize a special art show of his own
C. to make his readers laugh or smile when they read his books
D. not only to interest people but to expose(uncover) some Serious social problems
       C
Many Japanese never take the vacations they should enjoy, but with the coming of ’Golden Week", a series(系列)of holidays following one after another in late April and early May, they pour out of the country by tens of thousands. The most popular place they go to is Hawaii, but Hongkong, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan are also favoured. The typical Japanese abroad, as it is reported, travel for about a week and spends, as average, $2, 800 on airline tickets, hotels and gifts for friends and relatives. It may seem high, but it’s cheap for the Japanese, who would have to spend a lot more if they spend a week touring(making a journey)their own country.
64. Many Japanese ________.
A. don’t enjoy taking vacations  B .enjoy touring in Golden Week
C. don’t have vacations    D. enjoy staying at home
65. The period in late April and early May is called Golden Week because _______.
A. the week is made of gold days       B. it is warm for people to tour
C. holidays come one after another in this period    D. it is still spring then
66. Which of the following is true?
A. The Japanese never enjoy travelling more than one week.
B .The Japanese like best to travel to some part in the U. S. by air.
C. Travelling at home cost less than abroad for the Japanese.
D. Hawaii is the most beautiful place to visit in Asia.
67. Which is the best title for the passage?
A. Vacations for the Japanese        B. Costs of Travelling in Japan
C.  Places the Japanese Enjoy Travelling to  D. Japanese in Golden Week
                      D
Experiments aboard the spaceship Columbia have disproved a theory on the human nervous system which won an Austrian professor a Nobel prize 79 years ago.
West German astronaut Ulf Merbold disproved the theory during tests aboard the spaceship yesterday. His discovery is connected with the workings of the inner ear, the body’s balance mechanism(机制).
In l914 Professor Robert Barany won the Nobel prize for Physiology(生理学) and medicine when he announced that temperature differences affected the inner ear and caused the eyes to blink(眨眼). His theory was accepted by scientists.
But Merbold carried out tests to find if the theory was correct and shocked himself and space officials when he proved it wrong.
According to Barany’s theory the eyes would blink when cold air was blown into one ear and hot air blown into the other.
But if this theory was correct such a movement would be impossible in zero gravity.
Both Merbold’s eyes continually blinked when the test was carried out.
68. Tests were carried out in outer space in order to _______.
A. find what causes the eyes to blink  B. shock the world
C. prove the theory         D. disprove the theory
69. Barany’s theory declared to prove _______.
  A. how our hearing mechanism works    B. why we constantly move our eyes
  C.that eye movement is affected by temperature  D. how hearing reacts(反应)
70 .Barany’s theory was proved incorrect in space by the effects of _______.
A. having no weight     B. having no air  
C. the pull of gravity     D. hot and cold air streams
                     E
Do you have a phobia? No, it is not an infectious (传染病) disease, but it can make you quite as bad. A Phobia is an unreasonable fear of some particular thing or situation.
Did you know that some people fear heights? That is called acrophobia. Many people experience claustrophobia when they are in a closed space such as a small room or a lift. Zoophobia is a fear of animals. A fear of dirt is called mysophobia. There are names for fear of thunder, lightning, wide open Spaces, people, crowds, darkness, water, and many other things.
A Phobia expert tells us that in the coming of a Phobic situation a person has what is called an ’anxiety attack’. Blood rushes to his larger muscles in preparation for flight or fight.
One expert on phobias suggests we race our fears gradually. A person who is afraid of people could over come this fear by getting accustomed to them one at a time. Someone who is afraid of water could take swimming lessons in the relative safety of a pool with a lifeguard at hand. A person afraid of heights could practise looking down from middle heights first until he could handle the GREater ones.
71.A person who is afraid of cats is most likely to have _______.
A. mysophobia     B. acrophobia      C. Zoophobia     D. claustrophobia
72. A good way to overcome one’s unreasonable fear of something would be _______.
A. trying to avoid it             B .preparing for flight or fight
C. getting rid of the anxiety attack  D. trying to get used to it
73. If you have a Phobia, _______.
A. you must take swimming lessons in a safe pool
B. you’d better practise looking down from middle heights first
C. you may attend some parties
D. it will be as troublesome as an infectious disease
74. A man in the appearance of phobic situation _______.
A. is called an anxiety attack    B. has blood rush to his legs
C. has the feeling of flight    D. fears some particular thing
75 .The writer of the text tells us that _______.
A. when some phobia breaks out in someone, he will feel too anxious about something
  B.  a person who dears people can run a race with others
C. a man afraid of heights can climb to a GREat building easily
D. everyone dares to take a lift where there is not a lifeguard.

第二卷(共35分)
第四部分:写(共两节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。对标有题号的每一行作出判断:如无错误,在该行右边横线上画一个勾(√);如有错误(每行只有一个错误),则按下列情况改正:
此行多一个词:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词,并也用斜线划掉。
此行缺一个词:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(^),在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。
此行错一个词:在错的词下划一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。
注意:原行没有错的不要改。
For about half century, scientists have been making           76. ____________
better and better computers. Now a computer could do a         77. ____________
lot of everyday jobs wonderful. It is widely used in          78. ____________
factories, hospitals and banks. Many computer scientist        79. ____________
are now thinking of making the computer to "think" like        80. ____________
a man. at the help of a person, a computer can draw          81. ____________
pictures, write music, talking with people, translate          82. ____________
languages and so on. Perhaps computers will one day          83. ____________
really think and feel. Do you think that people will          84. ____________
afraid when they will find that the computer is too          85. ____________

第二节  书面表达(满分25分)
请根据这四幅图画,写一100篇左右的短文.题目是:Good wishes, but not results.
主人公是Tom. 生词:过路人passers-by;井well.


参考答案

单选:
21—30 DCDCB CAADB 31—35 ABDBA
完形:
36 –45 BCDDA BCCDA 46—55 DABCC CBBAD
III. 阅读
56—65 CDBBC DBDBC 66—75 BDCCA CDDCA
V. 短文改错:
76. half 后加 a   77 . could → can    78. wonderful → wonderfully  
79. scientist → scientists    80. 去掉 to    81. At → With  82. talking → talk
83. √      84. will 后加 be      85. 去掉 will

VI.书面表达:
Good Wishes, but not Good Results
Tom was a kind-hearted boy. One day he was walking along the road when he saw an uncovered well. He thought it was very dangerous to passers-by, so he decided to cover the well. The cover was so heavy that he took GREat trouble to remove it. At last he managed to cover the well.
Hardly had he turned his back and gone when he heard a cry coming from the well. So he had to turn back and moved the cover away. To his surprise, a worker came out with a tool in his hand. He was repairing something inside.

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