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大学英语"四位一体"四级考试阶段练习(十九)答案

[日期:2007-04-29]   [字体: ]

I. 语音听力

A. Directions: Choose the best answer to the question you hear, basing your answer on the short conversation you hear each time.

1. M: How far is it from your home to the office?

W: Just a stone's throw.

Q: What does the woman mean? (C)

2. W: What do you think of John's performance last night?

M: Much to be desired, to tell the truth.

Q: What does the man mean? (A)

3. M: There're too many poor players on that team.

W: But there was a dark horse the day before yesterday.

Q: What does the woman suggest? (D)

4. W: Would you like a smoking or nonsmoking seat?

M: Nonsmoking, please.

Q: What is the probable relationship between the two speakers? (C)

5. M: Your husband has won the first prize in the lottery.

W: No kidding.

Q: What does the woman mean? (D)

B. Directions: Listen to the dialogue and choose the best answer to each question you hear.

M: Are there many libraries in Britain?

W: Well, I couldn't tell you exactly how many there are. But there is a public library in every major city or town.

M: Do borrowers have to pay to take out books?

W: No. Public libraries provide a free lending and reference service. I think about a third of the total population are members of public libraries.

M: What about those people who live far away from the nearest library?

W: There are also mobile libraries. These are large vans stacked with a variety of popular titles. They travel to the more remote parts of the country, to small villages, isolated farms and to old, sick or handicapped people who can't visit a library.

M: Do the libraries provide any other services?

W: Yes, they do. Although I don't get much chance to use them. For instance, the public library in a town is often a center for local cultural activities.

M: What kinds of activities would these be?

W: Things like public lectures on history or literature, adult education classes, book exhibitions, art exhibitions and a lot of others.

M: Ok, I really didn't know about that. Thank you.

W: That's all right.

Questions:

1. What can be said about the British public library according to the woman? (C)

2. What is the percentage of readers in the public libraries in Britain? (A)

3. Which of the following does not describe the mobile libraries? (D)

4. Which of the following is least probable to be among the services offered by the public libraries? (D)

5. What can be said about the woman? (C)

II. 词汇用法

1-5:DACAB 6-10: DDDDC 11-15: DCDBC 16-20: ACCAC 21-22: AC

III. 语法结构

1.D) [译文]要写清楚以便于老师正确地理解你的意思.

[注释] "so that"可以引导一个从句表示目的或结果,故此处应该选D).A)作为连接词用时,表示原因;B)since和C)because也都是表示原因的连接词,不符合句意.

2.C) [译文]氢是宇宙中的一个基本元素,因为它提供了其他因素借以产生的基本物质(材料).

[注释]根据题意,空格中应填入表示原因的连接词.A)so that是表示"目的"或"结果"的连接词;B)but that通常与not that连用,此处不合适;D)provided that(以......为条件)是引导条件从句的主从连接词,此处不符合题意;C)in that是一个副词短语,其功能相当于because,符合题意.

3.A) [译文]如果你不介意在巴黎转机的话,你能在今天晚上就飞往伦敦.

[注释]从从句的意思上看,空白处缺一个能引导"条件"从句的主从连接词,四个备选答案中只有provided能引导"条件"从句.

4.A) [译文]尽管费用增加了,工程师们还是打算将他们的公路项目进行到底.

[注释] 根据题意,空格中应填入表示"让步"的主从连接词.故A)是正确答案.B) just because(正因为)表示原因;C) now that(既然,由于)也是表示原因;D) as though(似乎)是表示状态的主从连接词,均不符合题意.

5.D) [译文]给我你的电话号码,以防我要找你帮忙.

[注释] 根据从句的意思,句子需要一个表示"以防"的主从连接词,故D)正确.A)whether表示"条件";B) so that 表示"目的"或"结果";C)unless除非.

6.C) [译文]穿暖和些,否则会感冒的.

[注释]根据题意,句子需表示否定意义的短语.四个备选答案中只有C)or else(否则)符合题意.

7.D) [译文]汤姆仔细地听为了能准确地知道约翰想要什么.

[注释]根据题意,句子需要一个表示目的的连词.四个备选答案中只有D)符合条件.

8.C) [译文]我感到有些失望,正欲离开,突然发生了一件事吸引了我的注意力.

[注释]根据题意,应用表示时间的从属连接词,A)和B)均不符合题意.而when和while的区别在于:while多用于延续性或同时性动作,但此句的主句和从句相关的动作leave与occur均为短暂性动作,所以不用while,故C)项正确.

9.D) [译文]大部分父母鼓励他们的孩子参加社会活动,只要那些活动不影响他们的学习.

[注释]根据题意,空白处缺一个能引导"条件"从句的主从连接词,所以选项B)应排除.lest"以免";unless" 除非,如果不";provided"只要,如果".故选项D)正确.

10.A) [译文]只要他专心致志,我相信他能胜任这项工作.

[注释]if only"只要"; in case"假使";until"直到"; unless"除非".所以选项A)正确.

11.A) [译文]即使计算准确,科学家们也无法保证他们已考虑到所有的变量并建立准确的模式.

[注释]even if"即使,哪怕";as far as"至于,关于";if only"但愿";so long as"只要". 根据题意,只有选项A)符合题意.

12.D) [译文]只要他努力工作,我不在意他什么时候完成实验.

[注释]根据所给选项,可以得知本题检测的是引出状语从句的连接词.选项B)不能连接句子,可以先排除.as soon as"一 ......就"; so far as"就......而说,在......范围内";so long as"只要".根据题意,选项D)符合题意.

13.D) [译文]既然你已经熟悉了作者的观点,尽快读完所有部分.

[注释]as long as"只要";ever since"自从";so that"为了,因此";now that"既然".根据题意,应选D).

14.C) [译文]除非摆脱这种干扰,否则政府将不能有效地工作.

[注释] as long as引导时间状语和条件状语; so that引导结果状语和目的状语; unless引导条件状语; because 引导原因状语.分析结构可知应选引导条件状语的关联词,所以可以排除选项B)和D).选项A) 引导条件状语时,意思是"只要".选项C) 引导条件状语时,意思是"除非".因此选C)符合题意.

15.B) [译文]我不能陪你去参加晚会了,因为我必须要完成数学作业.

[注释]since和 because都表示原因,但since的语意比because弱,这里用because更合适.

Ⅳ.综合能力

A.阅读

1. The orderly queue Britons form.

2. A remarkable accomplishment of social behaviour.

3. People may feel uneasy.

4. They will say,"This is a queue."

5. British people take their queues seriously.

B.写作

Science and Mankind

Science plays an important part in the proGREss of human civilization. We may well say that science is to human beings what food is to the body. The wonders and magnificence of modern society owe a great deal to science. What we enjoy and use conveniently and efficiently is without doubt the result of science.

But we must be clearly aware of the fact that anything exists in both positive nature and negative nature. Science is no exception. For example, atomic energy can help us remove mountains, change the courses of rivers, and do many other things beneficial to the people. But it can also kill and destroy thousands and millions of lives in a split second.

Being a citizen in modern times, we must try our best to make proper use of science. And the most important thing of all, we should adopt a scientific way in coping with our work and study. In a word, we must guide our behavior in accordance with the scientific law.

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